nep-ara New Economics Papers
on MENA - Middle East and North Africa
Issue of 2021‒02‒15
four papers chosen by
Paul Makdissi
Université d’Ottawa

  1. Female Employment and Intimate Partner Violence: Evidence from Syrian Refugee Inflows to Turkey By Erten, Bilge; Keskin, Pinar
  2. Assessing Online Teaching in Higher Education Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study from Saudi Arabia By May Alashwal
  3. Puzzles of political change in the Middle East: Political liberalisation, authoritarian resilience and the question of systemic change By Schlumberger, Oliver
  4. The Contribution of Crafts in Improving the Touristique Image of Essaouira: The Case of Marquetry By Bouragba, Mustapha; Elkandoussi, Fatima; Institute of Research, Asian

  1. By: Erten, Bilge (Northeastern University); Keskin, Pinar (Wellesley College)
    Abstract: We investigate the impact of female employment on intimate partner violence by exploiting the differential arrivals of Syrian refugees across Turkish provinces as an exogenous labor market shock. By employing a distance-based instrument, we find that refugee inflows caused a decline in female employment with no significant impact on male employment. This decline led to a reduction in intimate partner violence, without changes in partner characteristics, gender attitudes, co-residence patterns, or division of labor. Our results are consistent with instrumental theories of violence: a decline in female earning opportunities reduces the incentives of men to use violence for rent extraction.
    Keywords: refugees, forced migration, employment, intimate partner violence
    JEL: F22 J12 O15
    Date: 2021–01
  2. By: May Alashwal (University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA,)
    Abstract: On March 8, 2020, the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Education forced all universities and schools to shut down due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Ministry required all universities and schools to initiate online schooling as a replacement for face-to-face teaching methods. This research investigates the sudden change into online learning at two Saudi Arabian universities on the West coast. The study focuses on six instructional strategies that show the current online teaching experience by faculties in the two selected universities. The strategies are as follows: (1) initiating emergency preparation plans, (2) breaking down course contents, (3) indicating the importance of “tone†during online teaching, (4) more roles for teaching assistants, (5) enhancing students’ proactive learning abilities, and (6) effective incorporation of online learning with home self-learning. Finally, six useful principles are provided to improve online teaching’s impact on small- and large-scale online classes in higher education.
    Keywords: COVID-19, online education, instructional strategies, higher education, Saudi Arabia
    Date: 2020–09
  3. By: Schlumberger, Oliver
    Abstract: One decade after the Arab uprisings of 2010/11, the present discussion paper revisits processes of political change in the Middle East and North Africa MENA) with a focus on the question of systemic change. Core questions in this context are: How, among all possible varieties of political change, do we know when political change is systemic? When do we speak of "democratisation", and when of "authoritarian upgrading" or "- re-consolidation"? Can we predict such processes? If not, can we at least tell when systemic transition is more or less likely to occur, and what influences its occurrence? The three parts of this discussion paper build on one another in order to address and answer these puzzles.
    Date: 2021
  4. By: Bouragba, Mustapha; Elkandoussi, Fatima; Institute of Research, Asian
    Abstract: In order to enhance tourism in Morocco, the 2020 vision is concentrating on an integrated and a proactive approach to national land-use planning. Eight territories have been set up, and each one has a positioning that the ministry of tourism plans to promote. Essaouira, which is a part of Marrakech Atlantic territory, is hence, presented as a destination that embodies the art of living. Namely, the marquetry, which is reflecting cultural and artistic identity has played a key role in fostering the touristic image of Essaouira. However, this role is not well highlighted and Essaouira's marquetry is encountering several obstacles that need to be fixed so as to improve this craft, which is the symbol of an entire province. The aim of this article is to evaluate the managerial practices of Essaouira's inlayers, in order to recommend suitable actions for the improvement of the city's marquetry sector and therefore contribute into the enhancement of its touristic image.
    Date: 2020–12–21

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