nep-ara New Economics Papers
on MENA - Middle East and North Africa
Issue of 2018‒07‒30
ten papers chosen by
Paul Makdissi
Université d’Ottawa

  2. Private public partnerships within the framework of the projects financed by the NIHD -National Initiative for Human Development : challenges and strategic steering By Mohammed Eddaou
  3. Rural tourism in Lebanon: what does the market reveal? By Socrat Ghadban; Maya Shames; Jad Arrage; Amal Fayyad
  4. Whose “pound of flesh”? Egyptian sterling balances, 1939-1958 By Ricardo de Menezes Barboza
  5. Student Problems According to Parental Perceptions: A Case Study By ABDULLAH SURUCU; Esra Teke
  6. The Art of Capturing Opportunities — Screening Arab Social Entrepreneurs By Mohamed Buheji
  7. Gifted or Old? Relative Age and Gifted Program Participation in BILSEM By Ali Unal; Abdullah Sürücü
  8. Students? View on the Use of Technology: A Comparison Study between two Private Middle Eastern and North American Universities By bashar zogheib
  9. Rentabilité et coût du capital dans le projet industriel algérien Le cas de la Société Nationale des Véhicules Industriels (SNVI) By Rachid Mira
  10. Conception d’une structure pour la généralisation et la pérennisation de l’accès à l’eau potable et à l’électricité en milieu rural au Maroc By Amine Chbihi Moukit

  1. By: Mohammed Eddaou (LACEME - Laboratoire d'études sur la compétitivité économique et le management de l'entreprise - Université Mohamed V - Souissi - Faculté des sciences juridiques, économiques et sociales de Rabat Souissi)
    Abstract: The formation of public debt in Morocco is the result of years of economic policies. How the debt of the treasure reached this level 64% of GDP. The debt tolerance threshold in Morocco is 60% of GDP, making difficult its sustainability. We have a challenge of economic policy at the service of economic growth. In the sense of economic policies based on supply and in order to find alternatives for financing economic and social projects in Morocco, we have tried in the scope of this article to analyze the determinants of FDI attracted in the framework of distribution delegated management.
    Keywords: financial governance,Delegated management,FDI determinants,public debt,fiscal deficit
    Date: 2017
  2. By: Mohammed Eddaou (LACEME - Laboratoire d'études sur la compétitivité économique et le management de l'entreprise - Faculté des sciences juridiques, économiques et sociales de Rabat Souissi)
    Abstract: Delegated management is another alternative for financing economic and social projects in Morocco. The National Initiative for Human Development is an example. However, this alternative raises parallel economic issues that can be supported by the management control, Insofar as it leads the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public policies. As part of our article, we tried to analyze the relationship between the efficiency of PPPs and assistance to strategic steering in Morocco.
    Abstract: La gestion déléguée représente une autre alternative de financement des projets économiques et sociaux au Maroc. L'initiative nationale pour le développement humain en est l'exemple. Toutefois, cette alternative suscite en parallèle des enjeux économiques qui peuvent être pris en charge par le contrôle de gestion, dans la mesure où ce dernier oriente la planification, la mise en oeuvre, et l'évaluation des politiques publiques. Dans le cadre de notre article, nous avons essayé d'analyser la relation entre l'efficience des PPP et l'aide au pilotage stratégique au Maroc.
    Keywords: efficiency,Residual loss,performance measure ,governance,Management control,gouvernance,perte résiduelle,mesure de performance,efficience,contrôle de gestion
    Date: 2017–08–01
  3. By: Socrat Ghadban (CERTOP - Centre d'Etude et de Recherche Travail Organisation Pouvoir - UT2J - Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UPS - Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse 3 - INU Champollion - Institut national universitaire Champollion - Albi - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Lebanese University [Beirut]); Maya Shames (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - UP13 - Université Paris 13 - USPC - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Jad Arrage (Lebanese University [Beirut]); Amal Fayyad (Lebanese University [Beirut])
    Abstract: The concept of rural tourism encompasses many forms of tourism, such as nature-based tourism, community-based tourism, ecotourism, agro-tourism, and many more. Scholars consider tourism an important tool for revenue generation for communities living in rural areas. However, ineffective planning and management of the tourism industry may lead to undesired results in rural destinations, sometimes negatively affecting their rich natural and cultural heritage. In Lebanon, the last decade witnessed an increase of the rural tourism share within the tourism industry. Until today, there are no scientific studies of the supply and demand for this sector in Lebanon. This survey aims to analyze the demand for rural tourism among the domestic market hoping to provide information for actors in the field. The data show-case evidences about the needs, preferences and expectations of potential urban travelers, and factors affecting them. Data collection was completed in May 2014 with a sample of 436 persons, mostly Lebanese urban inhabitants, during the Travel Lebanon exhibition dedicated to promote rural tourism in Lebanon. The statistical analysis revealed important information about the perception and behavior of potential visitors. Personal characteristics, especially respondents' personal income and cultural background, have been identified as major factors that affect their decision-making process regarding tourism services and facilities. Results also revealed a lack of awareness by the surveyed respondents about critical sustainable tourism issues in rural areas, and a visitor perception that is somewhat different from what is actually being provided by tourism stakeholders in rural areas.
    Keywords: Rural tourism,domestic tourism,demand analysis,motivations and preferences
    Date: 2017–12–05
  4. By: Ricardo de Menezes Barboza (Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social - BNDES)
    Abstract: Sterling balances were a major issue from the point of view of British policy makers. They amounted to £3,555 million in mid-1945 corresponding to almost seven times British pre-war yearly exports. Egyptian sterling balances were importante as Egypt was the second holder of such balances only behind India. Moreover, the Egyptian case has not been adequately dealt in the literature. This is partly explained by the fact that Egypt was excluded from the Sterling Area as a result of the 1947 negotiations with Britain.The strategic interest in the control of the Suez canal did not diminish after the war and provided the main justification to maintain at a very high cost 80,000-100,000 British troops stationed in the Canal Zone. This required not less than £20 million of yearly British military expenditures. Successive complications led the Suez crisis of 1956 and the end of British influence in Egypt and in the Middle East. The paper is divided into four sections. The first section focuses on the war and the initial post war period up to the visit to Cairo of Wilfrid Eady, of the Treasury, and Cameron Cobbold, of the Bank of England, on their return from India in early 1947. The next section is a detailed discussion of the successive negotiations involving Egyptian sterling balances between 1947 and 1959. Section III analyses the main issues involved in the negotiations: sterling and dollar releases, cancellation and inflation in the creditor economy, gold guarantees and the interest rate on balances. The following section is on international comparisons of Egypt with other significant sterling balance holders: Argentina, Brazil, India and Portugal. Egyptian losses with the delay in releases and consequent erosion by inflation, low interest rates and sterling devaluation are assessed. It concludes with an evaluation of the Egytian case in contrast with other sterling balance holders.
    Date: 2017–07
  5. By: ABDULLAH SURUCU (Necmettin Erbakan University Ahmet Kelesoglu Education Faculty); Esra Teke (Necmettin Erbakan University Institute of Social Sciences)
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to identify the problems of pupils in a public primary school through the perceptions of their parents. An embedded multiple case study, one of the patterns of case studies was used in the study. The study was conducted on the parents of third and fourth year pupils in a primary school located in Selcuklu district of province of Konya in Turkey in the academic year 2016-2017. The "Problem Survey List for Children" developed by Owen (2008) was applied to the parents of a total of one hundred eighty-four pupils, including ninety-one girls and ninety-three boys in this study. The items most marked by the parents were dreaming during the day, unable to get started homework on time, feeling anger to the authority and wandering in the room. The items least marked were stealing, hitting other pupils in the classroom, and lying. As a result of the evaluation of the data, it was seen that the most and least marked items were the same in the third and fourth grades, and the other items showed similar characteristics in this direction. Individual interviews with pupils and parents was decided in order to understand the causes of the marked items and to help solve the problems. Additionally, organization of group guidance activities towards the problem areas and presentation / seminar work to solve issues were aimed. Strengthening cooperation between school and family and increasing the effectiveness in the studies by including the class teachers in the process were aimed in order for the study to be conducted to achieve the desired results.
    Keywords: Parents, student problems, case study
    JEL: I29
    Date: 2017–07
  6. By: Mohamed Buheji (International Institute of Inspiration Economy)
    Abstract: This paper investigates how opportunities are captured by those that bring in unique contributions to their communities. More than fifty Arab initiatives were studied to see how they started by social change entrepreneurs through capturing opportunities that came due to community needs, gaps, challenges, crisis. The study shows that even hidden opportunities can be exploited through utilising the alertness psychology of the entrepreneurs along with problem solving techniques and optimising their social capital that each opportunity brings. The originality of this work is that it shows that capturing opportunities can occur when people are more driven by values, or vision, or self-purposefulness. It is very important to all Social Change Agents and especially in developing countries/regions as the Arab World. The limitation to data screened in this study doesn't undermine the possibility for generalising it further in different areas in the world as it carries a great development potential for our socio-economies and even to the world abundance thinking.
    Keywords: Psychology of Entrepreneurs,Capturing Opportunities, Social Entrepreneurship, Arab World, Discovering,Opportunities, Exploiting Opportunities, Abundance Thinking
    Date: 2018
  7. By: Ali Unal (Necmettin Erbakan University Ahmet Keleso?lu Education Faculty); Abdullah Sürücü (Necmettin Erbakan University, Ahmet Kelesoglu Education Faculty)
    Abstract: The relative age effect means the differentiation of success on the part of students of the same class because of the difference in their birth months, or the differentiation of success on the part of children of the same group because of maturity but not skills. Students who are identified as gifted are specially educated at centers called Science and Art Center (BILSEM) in addition to education they receive with their peers. This study aims to determine whether the relative age has a role in selection of students for BILSEM's. The data were collected from Konya Science and Art Center in Turkey. In the center, 534 selections were conducted until 2015-2016 academic year. Comparisons were made based on the frequency of birth dates of the registered students, Chi-square Goodness of Fit Test, and monthly and quarterly periods. The test results show that the relative age plays a significant role in selection of students at BILSEM's both on monthly (?² = 57,96, p
    Keywords: Relative age effect, gifted program, Science and Art Center (BILSEM)
    Date: 2017–07
  8. By: bashar zogheib (American University of Kuwait)
    Abstract: Most universities in the Middle East and North America are relying on implementing various technological tools in the math curriculum. This research is a unique attempt that compares students attitudes towards technology use in math classes in two private universities, Middle Eastern and North American. The Acceptance Technology Model (TAM) has been widely used by researchers to test user?s acceptance of technology. In this study, we integrate TAM and user satisfaction. A sample of 400 students participated in this study that test students? acceptance of MathXL as a technological tool in their math classes. Structural equation melding which included various constructs was used based on the integration of TAM and user satisfaction. In the two groups of students, the results support the theoretical model showing the importance of user satisfaction on perceived ease of use and subjective norm on behavioral intention.
    Keywords: TAM, Technology, Math
    Date: 2017–07
  9. By: Rachid Mira (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - UP13 - Université Paris 13 - USPC - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: La restructuration des entreprises publiques en Algérie en vue de leur insertion dans un modèle d'économie de marché a nécessité depuis les années 1980 la mise en place d'un ensemble d'institutions et la transition d'un mode de régulation monopoliste vers un mode plus concur-rentiel. Cependant, l'institution Etat est restée jusqu'à nos jours l'institution clé soutenant un régime d'accumulation dépendant des ressources en hydrocarbures. La politique budgétaire et financière de l'Etat a donc soutenu et financé la restructuration des entreprises publiques dans le cadre d'une nouvelle stratégie industrielle orientée vers la substitution d'importation et la diversification des exportations. La restructuration de la SNVI opérée depuis les années 1990 s'est inscrite dans une démarche globale de politique industrielle visant à assainir les entreprises pu-bliques et refinancer les investissements productifs en vue de pouvoir soit privatiser, soit nouer des partenariats. Cette stratégie a nécessité le transfert de ressources budgétaires pour financer les investissements et assainir la dette et les découverts bancaires qui a constitué un coût du capital supporté par l'Etat. La politique de partenariat avec des investisseurs étrangers vise à poursuivre un processus de restructuration et de restauration de la compétitivité sur un marché ouvert à la concurrence mais sous régulation sous régulation de l'Etat.
    Keywords: Economic transition,Algeria,industrial development,public expenditures
    Date: 2017–09–26
  10. By: Amine Chbihi Moukit (Amine chbihi Moukit A-E)
    Date: 2018–06–29

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