nep-ara New Economics Papers
on MENA - Middle East and North Africa
Issue of 2017‒05‒28
five papers chosen by
Paul Makdissi
Université d’Ottawa

  1. Multidimensional Rank Based Poverty Measures A Case Study: Tunisia By Chtioui, Naouel; Ayadi, Mohamed
  2. Quantile regression and the gender wage gap: Is there a glass ceiling in the Turkish labor market? By Kaya, Ezgi
  3. Counting the NEETs for Countries with no or less Data, Using Information on Unemployment of Youth Aged 15-24: The Case of Arab Countries By Driouchi, Ahmed; Harkat, Tahar
  4. Energy Intensity of GDP: A Nonlinear Estimation of Determinants in Iran By Heidari, Hassan; Babaei Balderlou, Saharnaz; Ebrahimi Torki, Mahyar
  5. The Moroccan university as a project-oriented institution By Amine Abderma; Benesrighe Driss; M'Hamed Jbira

  1. By: Chtioui, Naouel; Ayadi, Mohamed
    Abstract: For a long time, poverty measurement has been based strictly on a monetary approach. Since Sen (1976), many poverty measures have been proposed based on an axiomatic foundation, like the Sen (1976) measure, the class of FGT measures (1984), the Shorrocks (1995) measure, otherwise known as the Sen-Shorrocks-Thon (SST) measure. Due to capabilities approach (first developed by Sen (1985)) and basic needs approach, we realize that the poverty of a person is not only a lack of income but an insufficiency in various attributes of well-being. For better representing the multidimensional aspect of poverty, many approaches of multidimensional poverty measurement have been proposed like the multidimensional axiomatic approach. We propose in this paper to contribute to the latter approach. For that, we use a two-stage aggregation procedure to develop classes of multidimensional poverty measures which are extension to the multidimensional context of classes of generalized SST measures developed by Chtioui and Ayadi (2013). We apply our measures on Tunisia using the bootstrap method to see the evolution of multidimensional poverty between 1994 and 2006.
    Keywords: multidimensional poverty, multidimensional generalized SST, ethical, separability, bootstrap
    JEL: C02 C12 C14 D63 I32
    Date: 2017–04–30
  2. By: Kaya, Ezgi (Cardiff Business School)
    Abstract: Recent studies from different countries suggest that the gender gap is not constant across the wage distribution and the average wage gap provides limited information on women’s relative position in the labour market. Using micro level data from official statistics, this study explores the gender wage-gap in Turkey across the wage distribution. The quantile regression and counterfactual decomposition analysis results reveal three striking features of the Turkish labour market. The first is that the gender wage gap is more pronounced at the upper tail of the wage distribution, implying the existence of a glass ceiling effect for women in the Turkish labour market. The second is that, the glass ceiling effect in Turkey is not observed in the raw gender wage gap and only revealed after controlling for workers’ labour market qualifications implying that women are better qualified and better educated than their male counterparts’ at the upper tail of the wage distribution. The third finding is that despite the narrowing effect of the women’s relative labour market qualifications, the glass ceiling effect in the Turkish labour market exists due to unequal treatment of men and women and the increasing labour market discrimination toward women as we move up the wage distribution.
    Keywords: Gender wage gap, quantile regression, decomposition
    JEL: C21 J31 J71
    Date: 2017–05
  3. By: Driouchi, Ahmed; Harkat, Tahar
    Abstract: Abstract: The present paper focuses on the estimation of the NEET rate for countries that do have few or lack of data on this matter. Arab countries are selected for applying the empirical framework suggested for NEET data recovery. The attained results show that the outcomes from the framework adopted are not statistically and significantly different from the few data that exist already. These data can be used for monitoring and enriching economic and social policies targeting the inclusion of NEETs.
    Keywords: Keywords: NEETs, Labor Markets, Education, Arab Countries
    JEL: C22 I25 J64
    Date: 2017–05–23
  4. By: Heidari, Hassan; Babaei Balderlou, Saharnaz; Ebrahimi Torki, Mahyar
    Abstract: Energy intensity is a measure of the energy efficiency of a nation’s economy. Many factors influence a country’s energy intensity. In this paper, however, we note the effective factors of energy intensity and decompose it by applying Logistic Smooth Transition Regression (LSTR) in Iran during the period 1980- 2013. The main factors are the ratio of the added value of services to GDP (explaining both linear and nonlinear part of the energy intensity), the percentage of internet users, income per capita and Human Development Index (explaining nonlinear part of the energy intensity). The results indicated that the lifestyle and structural changes had a significant and considerable effect on decreasing energy intensity and that the ratio of services value-added to GDP as a transition variable caused an asymmetric behavior of energy intensity affected from explanatory variables. The most effective factor on energy intensity was Human Development Index
    Keywords: Energy Intensity, Energy Efficiency, LSTR Model, Iran
    JEL: C22 Q43
    Date: 2016–09–03
  5. By: Amine Abderma (Laboratoire des sciences de gestion - Faculté des sciences juridiques, économiques, et sociales, Settat - UNIVERSITE HASSAN Ier); Benesrighe Driss (Laboratoire des sciences de gestion - Faculté des sciences juridiques, économiques, et sociales, Settat - UNIVERSITE HASSAN Ier); M'Hamed Jbira (Laboratoire des sciences de gestion - Faculté des sciences juridiques, économiques, et sociales, Settat - UNIVERSITE HASSAN Ier)
    Abstract: The purpose of this article is to trace in the first place an argued history of the major projects and projects of reform of Moroccan higher education. Then trying to draw up a targeted description of the mechanisms of governance in the different levels of decision-making highlighted in this same department, with the aim of providing elements of answer to the following question: Multi-project management in the Moroccan university, does it represent a strategic choice or a managerial reality?
    Abstract: L'objet de cet article est de tracer dans un premier lieu un historique argumenté des grands projets et chantiers de réforme de l'enseignement supérieur marocain. Ensuite nous dresserons un descriptif ciblé des mécanismes de gouvernance dans les différents niveaux de décision de ce département, et ce dans le but de fournir des éléments de réponse à la question suivante : Le management multi projet dans l'université marocaine, représente t'il un choix stratégique comme perspective ou un ensemble de pratiques courantes ?
    Date: 2017–04–15

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