nep-ara New Economics Papers
on MENA - Middle East and North Africa
Issue of 2017‒01‒15
eight papers chosen by
Paul Makdissi
Université d’Ottawa

  1. Firm size and the use of export intermediaries A replication study of Abel-Koch, The World Economy (2013) By Joachim Wagner
  2. An Investigation of the Challenges Facing the Mobile Telecommunications Industry in United Arab Emirates from the Young Consumers' Perspective By Ameen, Nisreen; Willis, Robert
  3. The Moderating role of Capability Element of Fraud on Internal Industry Factors and Fraud Prevention in Saudi Arabian Banking Sector By Popoola, Oluwatoyin Muse Johnson; Rayaan, Baz; Samsudin, Rose Shamsiah; Ahmad, Ayoib B. Che
  4. Self-Insurance and Consumption Risk-Sharing between Birth-Year Cohorts in Turkey By Evren Ceritoglu
  5. The Relationship among Exports, Imports and Economic Growth in Turkey By Bakari, Sayef; MABROUKI, Mohamed
  6. The Changing Dynamics of Energy in Turkey By Simone Tagliapietra
  7. North Africa - Working paper - Measuring Inclusive Growth: From theory to applications in North Africa By AfDB AfDB
  8. Turkey's Role in Natural Gas - Becoming a Transit Country? By Berk, Istemi; Schulte, Simon

  1. By: Joachim Wagner (Leuphana University Lueneburg, Germany)
    Abstract: This study replicates estimation results from Jennifer Abel-Koch, Who Uses Intermediaries in International trade? Evidence from Firm-level Survey Data, published in The World Economy (2013). In this paper she uses firm-level data from Turkey. The pure replication performed here that is based on a sample that differs only arginally from the sample used in the original study is successful. In addition to the pure replication I use firm-level data for Egypt from a highly similar survey. The most important result found by Abel-Koch for Turkey – a negative relationship between firm size and the intensity of use of intermediaries in exports – is found for Egypt, too. Results for the link between other firm characteristics and indirect exports via intermediaries, however, often turn out to be different.
    Keywords: Replication study, indirect exports, Turkey, Egypt
    JEL: F14
    Date: 2017–01
  2. By: Ameen, Nisreen; Willis, Robert
    Abstract: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has one of the highest mobile penetration rates in the world. Nevertheless, recent reports on the performance of mobile companies revealed a decline in revenues obtained by the two main mobile operators in UAE (Etisalat and du). Building on the findings of previous studies which investigated the mobile regulatory frameworks in the Arab region in general and the UAE and their effects on consumers' use of mobile phones, the main aim of this research was to investigate the issues and challenges facing the use of mobile phones from the young consumers' perspective. Data were collected from 533 young Arabs aged (18-29) years old in Dubai via multi-stage cluster sampling using questionnaires which were distributed face-to-face and analysed using descriptive statistics. The findings of this research revealed that the participants think that high prices of mobile handsets, high prices of mobile tariffs and high prices of mobile Internet, market monopoly, restrictions on some mobile services, ethical issues and cultural issues are major challenges affecting their use of mobile phones. The research has several implications for policymakers and mobile companies in UAE.
    Keywords: Telecommunications in United Arab Emirates,Mobile phone use,Young Arab customers,ICT policies
    Date: 2016
  3. By: Popoola, Oluwatoyin Muse Johnson; Rayaan, Baz; Samsudin, Rose Shamsiah; Ahmad, Ayoib B. Che
    Abstract: Fraud described as an unlawful act that portrays a violation of trust, deceit, or concealment and which does not essentially rely on applying it, or physical force threatening or violence. The Internal factors inspire and dishearten fraud in the sense of outcome deliverables. This paper discusses the impact of internal industry factors such as insider involvement, internal controls, and information sharing on fraud prevention in the Saudi Arabian banking sector. Precisely, this study investigates the moderating role of capability element of fraud on internal industry factors and fraud prevention in the Saudi Arabian banking sector. The findings of this study will help the banking sector in Saudi Arabia especially and Middle East banks in general to improve the fraud prevention system, and for other stakeholders, it will help them uncover critical areas in fraud schemes that deserve immediate and prompt attention.
    Keywords: Internal industry factors, capability element of fraud, moderator, fraud prevention, Saudi Arabian banking sector
    JEL: M0 M4 M40 M41 M42 M48 M49
    Date: 2016–12–30
  4. By: Evren Ceritoglu
    Abstract: This paper tests the empirical validity of consumption risk-sharing hypothesis across urban and rural regions in Turkey. For this purpose, I analyze twelve consecutive waves of the TURKSTAT Household Budget Surveys from 2003 to 2014 and prepare a pseudo-panel data set for birth-year cohorts following Deaton (1985). There are three important findings of this paper. First, our empirical analysis shows that there is imperfect consumption risk-sharing between birth-year cohorts in Turkey. We observe that the growth of cohort consumption is positively and significantly associated with both the growth of cohort income and the growth of aggregate consumption. Second, the need for risk-sharing is analyzed using the variance of the growth of cohort consumption as a proxy variable for future labor income uncertainty. Empirical findings reveal that urban households and mature working-age households are more sensitive to future labor income uncertainty. Finally, cohorts would have sacrificed modest amounts to insure their consumption.
    Keywords: Consumption risk-sharing, Income and consumption smoothing, Cohort, Pseudo-panel
    JEL: C23 D11 D12
    Date: 2017
  5. By: Bakari, Sayef; MABROUKI, Mohamed
    Abstract: This paper studies the nexus between exports, imports, and economic growth in Turkey. Annual data for the periods between 1960 and 2015 was tested by practicing Johansen co-integration analysis of Vector Auto Regression Model and the Granger-Causality tests. According to the result of the analysis, there is no relationship between exports, imports and economic growth in Turkey. On the other hand, we found that there is a strong evidence of bidirectional causality from imports to economic growth and from exports to economic growth.
    Keywords: Export, Import, Economic Growth, Turkey, Cointegration, VAR and Causality.
    JEL: F1 F14
    Date: 2016–12–20
  6. By: Simone Tagliapietra (Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei)
    Abstract: This paper explores how Turkey’s politics and economy are affected by changes in global energy. To define which are the most relevant developments, the paper opens with an overview of the country's economic landscape. This analysis illustrates that energy, being the key driver behind its large current account deficit, represents a major point of vulnerability for the country. On this basis, the paper illustrates Turkey's energy matrix, an analysis that outlines the rising role of gas in the country's energy sector, both under the internal (i.e. growing share of the mix) and external (i.e. the country's potential role as regional gas hub) points of view. Finally, these issues are discussed with the aim of assessing the prospects for Turkey to turn gas into a geopolitical and economic asset for the country.
    Keywords: Turkey, Energy Security, Gas, TANAP, TAP, TurkStream
    JEL: Q40 Q42 Q48
    Date: 2016–12
  7. By: AfDB AfDB
    Date: 2017–01–06
  8. By: Berk, Istemi (Dokuz Eylul University, Iszmir, Turkey); Schulte, Simon (Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln (EWI))
    Abstract: This paper analyses the possible future role that Turkey can play in European natural gas markets. We employ a global gas market simulation model, COLUMBUS, to assess the outcomes of different scenarios concerning natural gas supply routes to Europe through Turkey up to 2030. The results imply simply that under current conditions, i.e., a more competitive environment in European gas markets leading to low gas prices, Turkey’s role would be of only minor importance. In accordance with various scenarios presented in this study, Turkey’s role is seen at its most important when European demand increases and Russia exerts power in the European markets.
    Keywords: COLUMBUS; European Gas Supply; Turkey; Scenario Analyses
    JEL: C68 L13 Q31
    Date: 2017–01–06

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