nep-ara New Economics Papers
on MENA - Middle East and North Africa
Issue of 2015‒11‒15
eight papers chosen by
Paul Makdissi
Université d’Ottawa

  1. Job Networks in Ýzmir: Why are Migrants Different? By Alper Duman; Idil Göksel
  2. Wage gap between men and women in Tunisia By Hela Jeddi; Dhafer Malouche
  3. Maternal employment and female labor force participation: A case study from Turkey By Deger Eryar; Hasan Tekguc
  4. Capital account liberalization and Moroccan macroeconomic performances By EZZAHID, Elhadj; MAOUHOUB, Brahim
  5. Trade, Inequality, and Morocco By Uri Dadush
  6. التقييم الاقتصادى لمشروعات تربية الأغنام والماعز فى الاراضى الجديدة فى مصر By Soliman, Ibrahim; M.G., Amer; B., Bahgaat
  7. ملامح وسياسات حماية المستهلك By Soliman, Ibrahim
  8. مؤشرات أداء التجارة الخارجية الزراعية العربية By Soliman, Ibrahim; E.M. Bassiony, Hala; M-S Abd Elsabour, Heba

  1. By: Alper Duman (Department of Economics, Izmir University of Economics); Idil Göksel (Department of Economics, Izmir University of Economics)
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to investigate the network effect on the probability of finding employment. This paper uses a specific data set from the Izmir region, prepared by the Turkish Statistical Institute for a specific project carried out by Izmir University of Economics in cooperation with the Izmir Chamber of Commerce, the Izmir branch of theTurkish Statistical Institute and the Turkish Labour Institute. Izmir, the third biggest city in Turkey, attracts both skilled and unskilled migrants, and has become one of the preferred destinations for migrants. The relative success of migrants in employment relates to their use of job search channels. We differentiate job search channels into formal/individual, and network forms. The latter refers to the job referral or job information diffusion through relatives and acquaintances. We find that migrants benefit from a comparative advantage in the usage of the network channel. Moreover, this network advantage is more robust for less educated workers.
    Keywords: Social networks, migrants, Izmir
    JEL: J15 J61 D83
  2. By: Hela Jeddi; Dhafer Malouche
    Abstract: This paper focuses on estimating wage differences between males and females in Tunisia by using the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition, a technical that isolates wage gap due to characteristics, from wage gap due to discrimination against women. The data used in the analysis is obtained from the Tunisian Population and Employment Survey 2005. It is estimated that, the gender wage gap is about 19% and the results ascertain that the gender wage gap is mostly attributed to discrimination, especially to underestimation of females'caracteristics on the labor market.
    Date: 2015–11
  3. By: Deger Eryar (Department of Economics, Izmir University of Economics); Hasan Tekguc (Department of Economics, Mardin Artuklu University)
    Abstract: The focus of this paper is to examine the impact of having a working mother on their daughter’s labor force participation rate for the first time in Turkey by using a representative sample from the third largest city Ýzmir.Our findings indicate that the gender role attitude is one of the most important determinants of women’s initial entry into the labor force, especially for those women with lower education levels. However, the same effect loses its significance as a factor in women’s decision to remain in the labor force. This result suggests that although the gender role attitude can induce low-educated women to participate in the labor market initially, the lack of adequate work-family reconciliation policies in Turkey seem to adversely affect their decision to stay in the labor force as wives and mothers.
    Keywords: Female labor force participation rate, work-family reconciliation, labor force attachment, gender role attitude, Turkey
    JEL: J16 J21 Z13
  4. By: EZZAHID, Elhadj; MAOUHOUB, Brahim
    Abstract: Moroccan economic policy was oriented since mid-1980s to open and liberalize the economy. The openness policy was reinforced with trade flows liberalization in 1993 with accession to article VIII of IMF status. In a new step, the opening of the economy is reached after accession to the GATT and WTO and the conclusion of many bilateral free trade agreements in the end of 1990s and the beginning of the new millennium. Recently, the openness is accelerated in the area of capital flows liberalization with the objective to eliminate the restrictions on capital inflows and then on capital outflows. Thus, the recent capital account dynamics lead us to attempt to evaluate their effects on main macroeconomic variables. For this, we start the discussion by recalling the theoretical debate around external financial liberalization and lessons obtained from the recent experience. After this, we discuss the opportunity for Morocco, as small and open economy, to integrate international financial markets. Methodologically, we use a Structural Vector Auto-Regressive (SVAR) model to explore the interaction between capital flows and macroeconomic variables. The period of study is from 1980 to 2012. The results allow us to conclude that capital account liberalization has a major effect on real effective exchange rate. Capital inflows lead to a temporary depreciation of the real effective exchange rate during the first year and, then, to an appreciation starting from the second year. Precisely, the results confirmed that the conduct of capital account liberalization policy under a fixed exchange rate regime is conducive to the risk of real appreciation.
    Keywords: Capital account liberalization, Capital flows, macroeconomic performance, SVAR, Morocco.
    JEL: F31 F36 G15
    Date: 2015–11
  5. By: Uri Dadush
    Abstract: International trade has become a pervasive feature of our lives, yet it remains controversial and resisted across the world.High and rising income inequality, which is often blamed on international trade, especially trade with China, is one reason.But the main driver of inequality is new technology, not international trade. Although trade interacts with new technology in ways that often lead to higher inequality, trade and technology also lie at the root of economic advance. So the solution is to adapt to them, not to stop them. In Morocco, improved education outcomes are very important in this regard.
    Keywords: Trade, inequality, globalization, growth, labor, technology, industry, manufacturing, Morocco, integration
    Date: 2015–10
  6. By: Soliman, Ibrahim; M.G., Amer; B., Bahgaat
    Abstract: Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Volume 24, No 4, December 2014. Published by Egyptian Association of Agricultural Economics, Egypt
    Keywords: Economic feasibility for sheep and goats Enterprises in New Land of Egypt, Egypt, Economic feasibility, sheep, goats, new land, Farm Management, Land Economics/Use, Livestock Production/Industries, Public Economics,
    Date: 2014–12
  7. By: Soliman, Ibrahim
    Abstract: Seminar on "consumer protection under the New World Order" held at the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade, Egypt November 3, 2000
    Keywords: Features and consumer protection policies, policies, consumer, Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety, Food Security and Poverty, Public Economics,
  8. By: Soliman, Ibrahim; E.M. Bassiony, Hala; M-S Abd Elsabour, Heba
    Abstract: Zagazig Journal of Agricultural Research, Volume 41, No 2, March 2014. Published by Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
    Keywords: Agriculture foreign trade, trade performance indicators, export, import, Agricultural Finance, International Development, International Relations/Trade, Public Economics,
    Date: 2014–03–02

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