nep-ara New Economics Papers
on Arab World
Issue of 2013‒05‒19
two papers chosen by
Quentin Wodon
World Bank

  1. The Effects of Religious Beliefs on the Working Decisions of Women: Some Evidence from Turkey By Lou O'Neil, Mary; Bilgin, Mehmet Huseyin; Lau, Chi Keung Marco
  2. Determinants of firm competitiveness: case of the Turkish textile and apparel industry By Lau, Chi Keung Marco; Suvankulov, Farrukh; Karabag, Solmaz Filiz

  1. By: Lou O'Neil, Mary; Bilgin, Mehmet Huseyin; Lau, Chi Keung Marco
    Abstract: This paper examines the decision of Turkish women to participate in the labor force. We administered a original survey questionnaire in 2009 to 518 non-working women. Employing logistic regression, we found that religious belief is a crucial factor that discourages women from participating in the labor market. In particular, the regular performance of religious rituals have the greatest negative effect on labor market participation for educated women, who are the most productive human resource in the economy.
    Keywords: Women, religious beliefs, labor force, working decisions, Turkey
    JEL: J2 O5 Z12
    Date: 2012–02–10
  2. By: Lau, Chi Keung Marco; Suvankulov, Farrukh; Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Abstract: This article explores determinants of competitiveness in the booming Turkish textile and apparel industry. Using focus groups, nationwide survey data and explanatory factor analysis we identify 27 competitiveness items grouped into eight constructs. According to Turkish managers, the competitiveness of textile and apparel firm is heavily determined by the product differentiation, efforts across foreign markets, and availability of government’s incentive and support programs. In contrast to existing studies, we find little evidence that firm networking in different forms such as close relationship politicians and state employees, clustering, and participating in the industry associations have a large effect on firm competitiveness.
    Keywords: firm competitiveness, factor analysis, textile industry, apparel industry, Turkey
    JEL: L00 L19 O53
    Date: 2012–02–13

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