nep-ara New Economics Papers
on Arab World
Issue of 2012‒07‒14
three papers chosen by
Quentin Wodon
World Bank

  1. Gender Effect in Explaining the Mobility Patterns in the Labor Market: A Case Study of İzmir By Hasan Tekguc
  2. Economic Transitions in Central and Eastern Europe: Any Lessons for the Arab Spring? By HAVLIK, Peter
  3. On the norms of charitable giving in Islam: A field experiment By Lambarraa, Fatima; Riener, Gerhard

  1. By: Hasan Tekguc (Mardin Artuklu Univeristy; Izmir University of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper examines the importance of gender on different job mobility patterns using an extensive household survey data from İzmir, third largest city in Turkey. The determinants of job-to-job and job-to-non-employment transitions are analyzed with the help of a multinomial logit estimation method. The results indicate that there is a distinction regarding the probability of job mobility patterns based on gender. It is more likely for women to be engaged in job-to-non-employment transition, whereas men tend to switch jobs more often. Although gender plays a significant role regarding job mobility patterns, traditionally imposed social constraints associated with childcare and household duties provide us with mixed results considering the behavior of women in the job market. On the other hand, having high-paid and secure jobs decreases the probability of both patterns of job mobility.
    Keywords: job-mobility, Turkey, gender
    JEL: J62 J16 J60
    Date: 2012–06
  2. By: HAVLIK, Peter
    Keywords: transition, integration, foreign trade, FDI, labour market, Central and Eastern Europe, Middle East and North Africa
    JEL: E24 F13 F53 O2 O43 O57 P52
    Date: 2012–06
  3. By: Lambarraa, Fatima; Riener, Gerhard
    Abstract: Charitable giving is one of the major obligations Islam and a strong Muslim norm endorses giving to the needy, but discourages public displays of giving. This norm is puzzling in light of previous evidence, suggesting that making donations public often increases giving. We report the results two field experiments with 534 and 186 participants at Moroccan educational institutions (among them two religious schools) to assess the effects this moral prescription on actual giving levels in anonymous and public settings. Subjects who participated in a paid study were given the option to donate from their payment to a local orphanage, under treatments that varied the publicity of the donation and the salience of Islamic values. In the salient Islamic treatment, anonymity of donations significantly increased donation incidence from 59% to 77% percent as well as average donations for religious subjects from 8.90 to 13.00 Dh. This findings stand in stark contrast to most previous findings in the charitable giving literature and suggest to rethink fundraising strategies in Muslim populations. --
    Keywords: Charitable giving,Islam,Social pressure,Priming,Religion,Norms,Field experiment
    JEL: H40 C93 D01 Z12
    Date: 2012

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