nep-ara New Economics Papers
on Arab World
Issue of 2011‒07‒27
six papers chosen by
Quentin Wodon
World Bank

  1. Assortative mating and Turkish marriage market By Mercan, Murat A.
  2. MENA aggregate cycle and world conjuncture: Episodes of volatility and symmetry, and an ADL cointegration test By Garfa , Kamel
  3. Export Behaviour and Propensity to Innovate in a Developing Country: The Case of Tunisia By Mohieddine Rahmouni; Murat Yildizoglu; Mohamed Ayadi
  4. Return migration, from theory to practice (In French) By Fatma MABROUK (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113)
  5. Eastern European lessons for the southern Mediterranean By André Sapir; Georg Zachmann
  6. Pro-Women Legal Reform in Morocco: Is Religion an Obstacle? By Chaara, Imane

  1. By: Mercan, Murat A.
    Abstract: The degree of assortative mating shows the degree of similarity within couples. Many papers try to calculate earnings correlations between husbands and wives. This paper tries to calculate the earnings correlations for Turkey and consider the effect of the sample selection. Our results show that there is a weak positive assortative mating in Turkey, and the bias from the selection is small. In addition, we look at the assortative mating coefficients in different regions in Turkey. Akdeniz region has the biggest correlation coefficient. Karadeniz has the lowest coefficient which is almost zero.
    Keywords: assortative mating; marriage; earnings
    JEL: J12
    Date: 2011
  2. By: Garfa , Kamel
    Abstract: This paper studies the cyclical fluctuations of the Middle East and North Africa countries in interaction with world conjuncture. The purpose is to evaluate in which measure the volatility and the symmetry of these countries had been modified quite particularly after their external integration. We adopt what we qualify as the aggregate cycle of MENA countries in orders to exanimate his evolution towards the G7, the European and the Anglo-Saxon business cycles over 1970-2010 periods. The filter of Hodrick-Prescott is applied in order to decompose the real GDP of the MENA and the most industrialized countries into trend and cyclical components. These last ones will be used to answer the composed questions on various temporal horizons, contemporary, the short term, and the long term. Two approaches will be used: A static one, based on properties of variability, co-variation and correlation, and a dynamic one, based on the study of the long term relations through an Autoregressive Distributed Model and the study of short term dynamics through an Error Correction Model.
    Keywords: Aggregate cycles; Synchronization; Fluctuations; Economic conjuncture; Co-integration; Autoregressive Distributed Model; Vectors Errors Correction Model.
    JEL: F15 F42
    Date: 2011–01
  3. By: Mohieddine Rahmouni (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - CNRS : UMR5113 - Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV); Murat Yildizoglu (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II - Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille III - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - CNRS : UMR6579); Mohamed Ayadi (ISG - Institut supérieur de gestion - Université de Tunis, Ecole Supérieure des Sciences Economiques et Commerciales de Tunis - Université de Tunis)
    Abstract: The relation between export behaviour and the propensity to innovate is an important question for a developing economy. This article dedicated to this question through the analysis of the first innovation survey of Tunisian firms. We analyze the relationship between the export behaviour and the innovation propensity of the firms as it can be qualified using econometric estimations (mainly probit models) and non-parametrical regression trees on the results of the first community innovation survey in Tunisia. Our results show that firms that address both the domestic and foreign demands (partial- exporters) have the highest propensity to innovate, and they better benefit from external knowledge sources, as well as a diversified demand. We find that external knowledge sources, internal R&D efforts and some types of cooperative agreements are complementary for product innovations, but the first play an essential role, in the sense that firms must benefit from at least one external knowledge source to attain a significant innovation propensity. We show that innovation behaviour of three subsets of firms are strongly contrasted: pure exporters who only address the foreign demand, pure domestic firms, and partial exporters.
    Keywords: Innovation; exports; openness; development; absorptive capacity
    Date: 2011–07–12
  4. By: Fatma MABROUK (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113)
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to analyze the theories of international return migration, we try to take the different approaches of return migration and to develop an empirically study on the main characteristics of return migration of the three countries of the Maghreb: Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. This is a micro-economic approach based on the original data recently published by the project « REturn MIgration to the Maghreb». The conceptual framework of returnees is reviewed using a data analysis, and taking into account a set of criteria. The application of multiple components analysis leads to the formation of a typology based on a set of variables. Profiles derived by the hierarchical ascending classification correspond to the characteristics of return migration from Maghreb to Europe.
    Keywords: Return migration, development of origin’s countries, multiple components analysis, Maghreb
    JEL: C81 F22 F24
    Date: 2011
  5. By: André Sapir; Georg Zachmann
    Abstract: The economic profiles of southern Mediterranean countries (SMCs) bear some resemblance to those of south-eastern European countries and some former Soviet republics at the beginning of their economic transition in 1990. The SMCs resemble less the former communist countries that joined the European Union in 2004. The SMCs are more advanced in terms of market reforms, but less well equipped with human capital and infrastructure, than the former communist countries were in the early 1990s. The EUâ??s willingness to underpin reforms in central and south eastern Europe and hold out the prospect of EU membership contributed to substantial growth, highlighting the long-term value of partnership with the EU. Long-term partnership has so far been absent for the southern Mediterranean countries. The existing Union for the Mediterranean framework is too weak to provide the necessary EU support to domestic reforms in the SMCs, and to ensure the desired stability and prosperity in the region. To encourage a successful transition in the SMCs, a Euro-Mediterranean Economic Area should be established by 2030.
    Date: 2011–07
  6. By: Chaara, Imane
    Abstract: The question of the role of modern law in triggering social change is of particular importance in societies where customs and norms support the marginalization of some social groups. The conventional view is that the success of the formal law is constrained by the system of informal rules and values which support the prevailing customs, and the law therefore appears as a 'dead letter'. Aldashev et al (2011) mitigate this pessimistic scenario by formally showing that the law has, under certain conditions, the effect of making the custom evolve in the direction of the law. One of the conditions to achieve this effect is the identification of agents with the new law. In this paper, we focus on the adherence of agents to a pro-women legal reform in Morocco, the reform of the Family Code which is religious-inspired legislation. We use a unique database created from a survey we conducted in Morocco in 2008 to provide some evidence about the factors which drive conservative positions with respect to a progressive legal reform. We observe that women who are benefiting from the reform are not unanimously in favour of it. Conversely, a non-negligible part of the male population strongly supports the new legislation. In order to explain these behaviours, we mainly focus on three specific factors: education, location and religion. Contrary to what naïve beliefs would suggest - rural men with a low level of education and intense religious practice express a lower support to the new Family Code -, we find that there is no straightforward relation between the three aforementioned factors (education, location and religion) and the support of the new legislation. Another precondition to the effect stressed by Aldashev et al. (2011) is that agents have sufficient information about the law. The data analysis leads to an unexpected finding: living in rural areas is, in some cases, positively and significantly associated with a higher probability of being properly informed than living in Casablanca city, the economic centre of the country. --
    Date: 2011

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