nep-ara New Economics Papers
on Arab World
Issue of 2010‒11‒06
four papers chosen by
Quentin Wodon
World Bank

  1. Re-examination of the long-run purchasing power parity: further evidence from Turkey By Korap, Levent; Aslan, Özgür
  2. The Labor Market Consequences of Internal Migration in Turkey By Ali Berker
  3. Generating Reliable Data to Perform Distributional Analysis in the Arab Region By Sami Bibi; AbdelRahmen El Lahga
  4. The Impact of the Iraq War on US Consumer Goods Sales in Arab Countries By Sofronis Clerides; Peter Davis; Antonis Michis

  1. By: Korap, Levent; Aslan, Özgür
    Abstract: In this article, we re-examine the empirical validity of the Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) theory for the Turkish economy. For this purpose, an empirical model is constructed using some contemporaneous estimation techniques such as multivariate co-integration and vector error correction methodology. Our estimation results reveal that the PPP can strongly be supported as a long-run stationary steady-state relationship for the Turkish economy.
    Keywords: Purchasing power parity; Co-integration; Turkish economy;
    JEL: C32 F41 F31
    Date: 2010
  2. By: Ali Berker (Abant Ýzzet Baysal University)
    Abstract: During the last 30 years, Turkey has undergone profound economic and social transformations, including fundamental shifts from the state-oriented economy to the market-oriented economy; large scale modernization investments in telecommunication and transportation services; and the low-intensity ongoing armed-conflict concentrated in the country’s Southeastern Region. For such a period, using the 1990 and 2000 Turkish Censuses, I evaluated the labor market consequences of internal migration that might have been sparked by such significant economic and social changes. Overall, the results suggest that provinces with a higher share of recent migrants may observe decreases in their native population’ labor market opportunities. While this adverse impact of the recent migrant inflows remains to be robust, it exhibits heterogeneity with respect to the skill level of natives, as well as for the labor market outcomes of different native and migrant groups.
    Keywords: Conditional CAPM
    Date: 2010–10
  3. By: Sami Bibi (University of Laval); AbdelRahmen El Lahga
    Abstract: The objective of this paper is twofold. Firstly, we show how reliable datasets can be generated to perform distributional analysis in the Arab region, based on a useful procedure of desegregating grouped data published by official statistical agencies. Secondly, using accessible raw micro data and synthetic datasets, we rely on the existing conventional set of inequality indices to assess the degree of disparity and its evolution over time in the Arab region. The paper fills in an important gap of knowledge on data access and the level and patterns of inequality in the Arab region.
    Date: 2010–10
  4. By: Sofronis Clerides (University of Cyprus and CEPR); Peter Davis (UK Competition Commission); Antonis Michis (Central Bank of Cyprus)
    Abstract: Did the rise in anti-American sentiment caused by the Iraq war aect sales of US goods abroad? We address this question using data on sales of soft drinks and fabric detergents in nine Arab countries. We find a statistically significant but modest and short-lived negative impact of the war on sales of US soft drinks in some countries but no impact on the sales of detergents in any country. Variation in aggregate market shares of US products across countries correlates with consumer attitudes toward the US in the soft drink market but not in the detergent market.
    Keywords: consumer behavior, consumer boycotts, Iraq war
    JEL: D01 D12 L66
    Date: 2010–01

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