nep-agr New Economics Papers
on Agricultural Economics
Issue of 2015‒10‒25
23 papers chosen by
Angelo Zago
Università degli Studi di Verona

  1. Water management policies and their impact on irrigated crop production in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia By Doreen Burdack
  2. Enhancing Agricultural Productivity of CLMV Countries: Challenges and Agenda for Reforms By Rillo, Aladdin D.; Sombilla, Mercedita A.
  3. Does it matter what you call it? Reflections on how companies voluntarily disclose their adaptation activities By Swenja Surminski
  4. Demand and impact of crop microinsurance in India By Ramasubramanian, Janani Akhilandeswari
  5. Willingness to pay for quality attributes of fresh beef. Implications on the retail marketing By Berges, Miriam; Casellas, Karina; Rodríguez, Ricardo; Errea, Damián
  6. Crop diversification and child health: Empirical evidence from Tanzania By Stefania Lovo; Marcella Veronesi
  7. Futures prices, trade and domestic supply of agricultural commodities By Méndez Parra, Maximiliano
  8. Comparing the development of agricultural technology and information technology in rural Vietnam By Kaila Heidi
  9. Commercialization in agriculture in rural Viet Nam, 2006-14 By McKay Andrew; Cazzufi Chiara; Perge Emelie
  10. Income and Malaria : Evidence from an agricultural intervention in Uganda By Singhal Saurabh; Pan Yao
  11. An Uncertainty Approach to Modelling Climate Change Risk in South Africa By Alton Theresa; Arndt Channing; Gebretsadik Yohannes; Hartley Faaiqa; Makrelov Konstantin; Strzepek Kenneth; Thurlow James; Schlosser C. Adam; Gabriel Sherwin; Cullis James; Cartwright Anton; Chang Alice; de Jager Gerald; Robertson Gordon
  12. Public disclosure for pollution abatement : African decision-makers in a PROPER public good experiment By Akpalu Wisdom; Muchapondwa Edwin; Adidoye Babatunde; Simbanegavi Witness
  13. The Role of Women in Traditional Agriculture: Evidence From Italy By Federico, Giovanni; Martinelli, Pablo
  14. Indirect Reciprocity, Resource Sharing, and Environmental Risk: Evidence from Field Experiments in Siberia By E. Lance Howe; James J. Murphy; Drew Gerkey; Colin T. West
  15. Growth and Poverty Reduction in Tanzania By Arndt Channing; Demery Lionel; McKay Andrew; Tarp Finn
  16. Agricultural Export and Economic Growth: A Case Study of Pakistan By Abrar ul haq, Muhammd
  17. Local transformation in rural Vietnam : A commune level analysis By Beck Ulrik
  18. Technical Efficiency of Connecticut Long Island Sound Lobster Fishery: A Nonparametric Approach to Aggregate Frontier Analysis By Lei Chen; Rangan Gupta; Zinnia Mukherjee; Peter Wanke
  19. Social norms theory and development economics By Eriksson,Lina Maria Jorun
  20. Land issues in Vietnam 2006.14 : Markets, property rights, and investment By Markussen Thomas
  21. A Quest for Institutional Foundations Towards Inclusive Development in Sub-Saharan Africa By Nissanke Machiko
  22. Organizational models for the major agri-food cooperative groups in the European Union By Elena MELIÁ MARTÍ; Ma Pía CARNICER ANDRÉS
  23. Standardization and Governance Dynamics in the Peruvian Alpaca Fibre Value Chain By Vajk Lukacs de Pereny Martens; Ronnie Ramlogan

  1. By: Doreen Burdack
    Abstract: The economic impact analysis contained in this book shows how irrigation farming is particularly susceptible when applying certain water management policies in the Australian Murray-Darling Basin, one of the world largest river basins and Australia’s most fertile region. By comparing different pricing and non-pricing water management policies with the help of the Water Integrated Market Model, it is found that the impact of water demand reducing policies is most severe on crops that need to be intensively irrigated and are at the same time less water productive. A combination of increasingly frequent and severe droughts and the application of policies that decrease agricultural water demand, in the same region, will create a situation in which the highly water dependent crops rice and cotton cannot be cultivated at all.
    Keywords: EU, Russia, energy, gas, cooperation, resources
    Date: 2014–12
  2. By: Rillo, Aladdin D. (Asian Development Bank Institute); Sombilla, Mercedita A. (Asian Development Bank Institute)
    Abstract: Responding positively to economic reforms, the economies of Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, and Viet Nam (CLMV) have shown tremendous growth since the mid-1980s, including in their respective agriculture sectors. Recent developments, however, have brought into question the CLMV countries’ ability to sustain further increases in agricultural productivity given the slow pace of reforms and emerging challenges. Going forward, the reform agenda must go beyond the traditional view of expanding yields and supply of agricultural products for development gains in the sector to contribute to inclusive growth, poverty alleviation, and food security. This will require changing the market structures and regulatory policies that govern the sector.
    Keywords: agricultural productivity; clmv; agriculture policy
    JEL: Q10 Q21 Q28
    Date: 2015–10–20
  3. By: Swenja Surminski
    Abstract: Adapting to climate change requires the engagement of a wide range of stakeholders, including the private sector. However, little is still known about if and how corporations, particularly those operating in the Global South, are involved in climate adaptation. This paper explores the existing evidence base, provides insights into multinational corporations’ adaptation framings in their external communication, and asks what we can learn from corporate adaptation disclosure. Our review suggests that if adaptation is used in corporate disclosure, it is commonly framed along one or more of the following categories: risk reduction, supply chain management, corporate social responsibility, and/or business opportunities. We investigate this in greater detail for global Food and Beverage (F&B) companies that operate in developing countries. By comparing adaptation case studies both in the UNFCCC’s Private Sector Initiative (PSI) database and in the companies’ own sustainability reporting, we find that F&B companies frame their engagement using risk and supply chain-based language, with a focus on short-term business opportunities, while the need for strategic planning for longer-term action in response to future risks is largely missing from the companies’ discourse. We argue that a better understanding of private sector’s terminology and disclosure on adaptation is important for establishing collaborative, multi-stakeholder processes of adaptation in developing countries.
    Date: 2015–09
  4. By: Ramasubramanian, Janani Akhilandeswari
    Abstract: This thesis presents an analysis of the demand and impact of crop microinsurance in India. The study is based on extensive fieldwork and primary data collection from two field sites in India. The first empirical chapter examines the impact of crop microinsurance on output. Accounting for the endogeneity of insurance investment, this chapter uses a two-step instrumental variables approach to assess the impact of insurance on yield for two varieties of paddy. The assessment is based on secondary district level data and primary household survey data. The findings indicate that impact of insurance on yield is not homogeneous across crops. It is based on the flexibility of the crop’s input requirement structure.The second chapter explores the impact of crop insurance on the use of inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, irrigation and labour for paddy varieties. This chapter is a significant addition to the existing small pool of literature on the impacts of crop insurance on a range of inputs. Since both insurance and input decisions are ex-ante, a simultaneous equations model is employed to assess impacts. Results show that the impact of crop microinsurance varies based on the type of input, crop under consideration and its significance in the income portfolio of a farmer. The final chapter assesses the demand for crop microinsurance using a contingent valuation experiment on turmeric farmers. This is a first of its kind attempt to delineate the willingness to join (WTJ) from the amount of willingness to pay (WTP) for crop insurance policies. Results based on a Heckman selection model, indicate that while the WTJ is influenced by risk attitudes and product literacy, the amount of WTP is driven by a careful assessment of the other risk coping avenues available to a household. Only the ‘residual’ risk is passed on to insurance.
    Date: 2015–05
  5. By: Berges, Miriam; Casellas, Karina; Rodríguez, Ricardo; Errea, Damián
    Abstract: In recent decades, the demand for food worldwide has undergone significant changes that have highlighted the issue of the quality and safety food crisis associated with consumption of fresh meat, consumer concerns about the quality and safety of these products has been safety of fresh meat consumption are not The aim of this work is to investigate the consumers' perceptions of safety and identify factors that help explain the willingness to pay safety of the product, including, a hypothetical hygiene certification in handling and retailing. The results indicate a positive and statistically significant for the following attributes of fresh meat WTP: personalized attention in a butcher counter, the presence of a "safety certification" in the place of purchase and the bright red color on the product.
    Keywords: Preferencias del Consumidor; Disposición a Pagar; Carne; Atributos de Calidad;
    Date: 2015–08
  6. By: Stefania Lovo; Marcella Veronesi
    Abstract: Malnutrition is recognized as a major issue among low-income households in developing countries with long-term implications for economic development. Recently, crop diversification has been recognized as a strategy to improve nutrition and health, and as a risk coping strategy used by farmers in the face of climate change. However, there is no systematic empirical evidence on the role played by crop diversification in improving human health. We use the Tanzania National Panel Survey to investigate the effects of crop diversification on child health. We use fixed effects panel estimation to control for unobserved heterogeneity, and perform several robustness checks including placebo tests to test the validity of our findings. We find a positive and significant effect of crop diversification on long-term child nutritional status, in particular for very young children and children living in households with limited market access.
    Date: 2015–10
  7. By: Méndez Parra, Maximiliano
    Abstract: Commodity markets display substantial volatility both in prices and in the quantities traded. This has led to the development of different instruments designed to address this volatility. Processors and traders, who are actively involved in the international market, participate in these commodity markets using cross-hedging strategies by their export and domestic supply decisions. Spot and future prices, as well as the cross-hedging strategies, affect export and the domestic supply decisions. Understanding this complex interaction calls for further and newer insights and this research contributes to this. The primary objective of Chapter 1 of this thesis is to develop a model which explains the export and domestic supply decisions when traders, producers and speculators participate in a futures market for a primary commodity, which can be stored and for which future markets operate. As a result, exports and domestic supply are affected by the prices of the primary product, and jointly by the prices in the external and domestic market. Chapter 2 provides the historical, political and economic context of the Argentine economy and the agricultural sector, specifically on the three agricultural commodities used in the empirical part of this research. In Chapter 3, we perform a comprehensive analysis of the seasonal unit roots of monthly series of exports and domestic supply, using time series that include zero values. In the past, this technique has mostly been applied to quarterly data but never to monthly series that display periods of inactivity. The results indicate that, in general, the seasonality observed in the series analysed can be sufficiently explained by a deterministic approach. The estimation and further analysis of the supply equations derived in Chapter 1 are undertaken in Chapter 4. A comprehensive analysis of seasonal cointegration using monthly data was conducted but, in light of the results obtained in Chapter 3, only the Engle-Granger cointegration is applied. The results indicate weak cointegration relationships. This may indicate the need for improved data and/or alternative econometric techniques.
    Date: 2015–04
  8. By: Kaila Heidi
    Abstract: This paper presents a descriptive analysis on the ownership of different types of technology.both agricultural machinery and information technology.within households in rural areas of Vietnam. We find that there has been little development in the owne
    Keywords: Agriculture, Households, Information technology, Internet, Microeconomics, Technology
    Date: 2015
  9. By: McKay Andrew; Cazzufi Chiara; Perge Emelie
    Abstract: The vast majority of households in rural Viet Nam undertake agricultural activities and for many this is their main livelihood. Moreover, this agriculture has become increasingly commercialized over time. This paper uses the five wave VARHS balanced panel
    Keywords: Agricultural credit, Agriculture, Aquaculture, Commerce, Households, Microeconomics, Natural resources, Panel analysis, Regression analysis
    Date: 2015
  10. By: Singhal Saurabh; Pan Yao
    Abstract: We exploit a spatial discontinuity in the coverage of an agricultural extension program in Uganda to causally identify its effects on malaria. We find that eligibility for the program reduced the incidence of malaria by 8.8 percentage points, with childre
    Keywords: Administrative law, Agriculture, Economic development, Health, Income, Microeconomics, Regression analysis
    Date: 2015
  11. By: Alton Theresa; Arndt Channing; Gebretsadik Yohannes; Hartley Faaiqa; Makrelov Konstantin; Strzepek Kenneth; Thurlow James; Schlosser C. Adam; Gabriel Sherwin; Cullis James; Cartwright Anton; Chang Alice; de Jager Gerald; Robertson Gordon
    Abstract: This study represents the first attempt at an integrated approach to assessing the potential impacts of climate change on the national economy of South Africa via a number of (but not necessarily all) impact channels. The study focuses on outcomes by abou
    Keywords: Climatic changes, Economic development, Economic growth, Uncertainty
    Date: 2015
  12. By: Akpalu Wisdom; Muchapondwa Edwin; Adidoye Babatunde; Simbanegavi Witness
    Abstract: A linear public good experiment has been employed to investigate strategic behaviour in pollution abatement among African climate decision-makers. The experiment consisted of three groups of which Group 1 did not receive any treatments, and Groups 2 and 3
    Keywords: Group decision making, Hazardous wastes, Natural disasters, Pollution
    Date: 2015
  13. By: Federico, Giovanni; Martinelli, Pablo
    Abstract: Gender roles in the past may affect current perceptions of the 'rightful' place of women in the society, with potential major consequences on economic development. This paper explores the historical roots of gender roles by focusing on female work in agriculture, which accounted for most employment in traditional societies. We rely on a newly compiled data-set of female occupation and crop mix for Italy in the 1930s. We show that crop mix did determine the level of female gainful employment in a complex way. Some products could be classified either ‘male-intensive’ (like wheat and cow milk) or ‘female-intensive’ (like corn and beef), but quite a few were largely ‘gender-neutral’ (like wine and oil).
    Keywords: agriculture; gender roles; Italy
    JEL: J16 N30 N50 O13 Q12
    Date: 2015–10
  14. By: E. Lance Howe (Department of Economics, University of Alaska Anchorage); James J. Murphy (Department of Economics, University of Alaska Anchorage; Institute of State Economy, Nankai University; Economic Science Institute, Chapman University); Drew Gerkey (Department of Anthropology, Oregon State University); Colin T. West (Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina)
    Abstract: Integrating information from existing research, qualitative ethnographic interviews, and participant observation, we designed a field experiment that introduces idiosyncratic environmental risk and a voluntary sharing decision into a standard public goods game. Conducted with subsistence resource users in rural villages in remote Kamchatka Russia, we find evidence consistent with a model of indirect reciprocity and local social norms of helping the needy. When experiments allow participants to develop reputations, as is the case in most small-scale societies, we find that sharing is increasingly directed toward individuals experiencing hardship, good reputations increase aid, and risk-pooling becomes more effective. Our results highlight the importance of investigating social and ecological factors, beyond strategic risk, that affect the balance between independence and interdependence when developing and testing theories of cooperation.
    Keywords: experimental economics, field experiment, public goods, risk-pooling, resource sharing, team production
    JEL: D70 H41 D81
    Date: 2015–10
  15. By: Arndt Channing; Demery Lionel; McKay Andrew; Tarp Finn
    Abstract: After many years of relatively slow growth, Tanzania´s national accounts data report accelerated aggregate growth since around 2000. Our analysis shows that there has been somewhat slower growth in private consumption and in sectors such as agriculture i
    Keywords: Economic development, Economic growth, Equality and inequality, Poverty, Measurement (Poverty)
    Date: 2015
  16. By: Abrar ul haq, Muhammd
    Abstract: The main concern of this study is to analyze the impact of agricultural exports on macroeconomic performance of Pakistan. This study estimated the relationship between Gross domestic product (GDP) and agricultural and non-agricultural exports for Pakistan employing Johansen co-integration technique by using secondary data for the period 1972-2008.The main findings of the study depict that agricultural exports have a negative relationship with economic growth of Pakistan while non-agricultural exports have positive relation with economic growth. On the basis of empirical results this study suggested that Pakistan have to do structural changes in agricultural exports by converting its agricultural exports into value added products.
    Keywords: Pakistan, Agricultural exports, non-agricultural exports, economic growth, Capital
    JEL: E00 Q00
    Date: 2015
  17. By: Beck Ulrik
    Abstract: This study documents the local transformation of rural Vietnamese communes in 12 different provinces from 2006 to 2014. Three key areas are considered, namely occupational and agricultural choice; provision of public goods and infrastructure as well as la
    Keywords: Agriculture, Economic development, Land reform
    Date: 2015
  18. By: Lei Chen (School of Business, Jianghan University, Wuhan, China, 430056); Rangan Gupta (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria); Zinnia Mukherjee (Department of Economics, Simmons College, 300 The Fenway, E-203J, Boston, MA 02115, USA); Peter Wanke (COPPEAD Graduate Business School, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua Paschoal Lemme, 355. 21949-900 Rio de Janeiro)
    Abstract: In this paper, we address the question whether the technical efficiency of a fishing industry is affected by the determinants of ambient water quality of the aquatic ecosystem. Using zone specific data from 1998 – 2007 for the Connecticut Long Island Sound lobster fishery and an approach combining a bootstrapping technique with data envelopment analysis, we obtained the DEA estimates of technical efficiency for each fishing zone. We then used the bootstrapped-DEA results and Censored Quantile Regression to assess the impact of the environmental variables on different efficiency percentiles. A key result indicates when environmental conditionals are favorable (high dissolved oxygen levels) efficiency is low and when environmental conditionals are less favorable (high levels of nitrogen), efficiency is high. The results show that the intensity of significant impacts given the contextual variables may vary among high and low efficiency periods.
    Keywords: Technical efficiency, data envelopment analysis, censored quantile regression, lobster, harvest, Long Island Sound
    JEL: Q22 Q57
    Date: 2015–10
  19. By: Eriksson,Lina Maria Jorun
    Abstract: Social norms affect almost every aspect of people?s lives, and can be an obstacle to or support economic development. This paper outlines what social norms are and how they work, providing examples from everyday life and from development case studies. Sometimes not much can be done about changing undesirable social norms. In those cases, development economists need to be aware of how the existence of those norms can impact the effects of the policies they advocate. But of particular importance to development economists is the ways in which social norms can be changed, at least under some circumstances. Understanding of social norm change is still patchy at best, but the paper outlines the theoretical underpinnings of change, with empirical evidence from various policies aimed at changing social norms. However, some of those policies raise ethical concerns that would require attention.
    Keywords: Gender and Social Development,Access to Finance,Population Policies,Ethics&Belief Systems,Anthropology
    Date: 2015–10–20
  20. By: Markussen Thomas
    Abstract: This paper uses five waves of the Vietnam Access to Resources Household Survey (VARHS) to analyse land issues in Viet Nam from a number of different angles. The VARHS provides panel data at plot as well as household level and I use this rich data set to p
    Keywords: Household surveys, Households, Land tenure, Microeconomics, Right of property
    Date: 2015
  21. By: Nissanke Machiko
    Abstract: The paper explores the paths towards building institutional foundations for inclusive development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Viewing institutional configurations as a system of multiple equilibria, the concepts of endogenous institutions and institutional cha
    Keywords: Economic development, Institutional economics
    Date: 2015
  22. By: Elena MELIÁ MARTÍ (Centre for Research in Business Management, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain); Ma Pía CARNICER ANDRÉS (Centre for Research in Business Management, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain)
    Abstract: In this paper, through the analysis of the organizational structure of the 20 largest cooperative groups in the European Union in four sectors (dairy, meat, horticulture and supplies; 80 in all), five organizational models were established, and their economic and financial characterization is provided. In these five organizational models, two groups of entities were analyzed differently: entities which, during their development have created a business corporation (with more or less participation of the cooperative or its members) and entities which have continued with a more traditional model (federated or not); to test whether the creation of business corporations has caused an increase in their size or financial stability, and if it has allowed them to improve their cost efficiency and profitability.
    Keywords: cooperative, growth, conversion, transformation
    Date: 2015–06
  23. By: Vajk Lukacs de Pereny Martens; Ronnie Ramlogan
    Abstract: This paper examines governance dynamics stemming from standardization in the Peruvian alpaca fibre chain. An empirically informed bi-dimensional framework resembling the chain’s fragmented supply-concentrated demand structure is applied to scrutinize vertical and horizontal interactions among domestic actors and institutions. Findings for the 1997-2013 period show that far from generic buyer-driven or quasi-hierarchical governance typologies, segmented governance modes co-exist but do not co- evolve within the fibre chain as standardization unfolds. Comparative case studies applying the proposed framework are encouraged in similarly structured commodity chains in the developing world for a more comprehensive understanding of governance dynamics.
    Keywords: Global Value Chains, governance, standardization, alpaca fibre, development, Peru
    Date: 2015

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