New Economics Papers
on Agricultural Economics
Issue of 2014‒08‒16
28 papers chosen by

  1. The Effects of Premium Subsidies on Demand for Crop Insurance By O'Donoghue, Erik
  2. Sustainable Agriculture: An Assessment of Brazil?s Family Farm Programmes in Scaling Up Agroecological Food Production By Ben McKay; Ryan Nehring
  3. Agricultural Trade, Biodiversity Effects and Food Price Volatility By Cecilia Bellora; Jean-Marc Bourgeon
  4. Distributional impacts of the 2008 global food price spike in Vietnam By McKay, Andy; Tarp, Finn
  5. Empirical Evidence of the Distributional Effects of the CAP in New EU Member States By Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Kancs, d'Artis
  6. Direct Payments and Land Rents: Evidence from New Member States By Van Herck, Kristine; Vranken, Liesbet
  7. Land Accumulation Dynamics in Developing Country Agriculture By Heath Henderson; Leonardo Corral; Eric Simning; Paul Winters
  8. The Maize Price Spike of 2012/13: Understanding the Paradox of High Prices despite Abundant Supplies By Sitko, Nicholas J.; Kuteya, Auckland N.
  9. Modeling impact of climate change on water resources and agriculture demand in the Volta Basin and other basin systems in Ghana By Amisigo, Barnabas A.; McCluskey, Alyssa; Swanson, Richard
  10. Pesticide Use in U.S. Agriculture: 21 Selected Crops, 1960-2008 By Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge; Nehring, Richard; Osteen, Craig; Wechsler, Seth James; Martin, Andrew; Vialou, Alex
  11. Improving Agricultural Productivity and Rural Livelihoods: A Knowledge-Sharing Experience: Summary of the Proceedings of the 2011 People’s Republic of China–Asian Development Bank Knowledge Sharing Platform on Agricultural and Rural Development By Asian Development Bank (ADB); ; ;
  12. A Spatial Analysis of Agricultural Land Prices in Bavaria By Feichtinger, Paul; Salhofer, Klaus
  13. Determinants of agricultural land values in Argentina By Johanna Choumert; Pascale PHELINAS
  14. The Salience of Excise vs. Sales Taxes on Healthy Eating: An Experimental Study By Chen, Xiu; Kaiser, Harry M.; Rickard, Bradley J.
  15. Determinants and interactions of sustainability and risk management of commercial cattle farmers in Namibia By Jessica Ingenillem; Joachim Merz; Stefan Baumgärtner
  16. Synthesis Report on the Impact of Capital Use By Petrick, Martin; Kloss, Mathias
  17. An Empirical Investigation into Measurement and Determinants of Food Security in Slums of Kolkata By Chandana Maitra; Prasada Rao
  18. The adoption of IPM practices by small scale producers: the case of greenhouse tomato growers in Turkey By Magali Aubert; Jean Marie Codron; Sylvain Rousset; Murat Yercan
  19. Decoding the Growth-Nutrition Nexus in China: Inequality, Uncertainty and Food Insecurity By Jing You; Katsushi S. Imai; Raghav Gaiha
  20. Land Grab in Africa: A Review of Emerging Issues and Implications for Policy Options By Ayodele F. Odusola
  21. Impact of EU agricultural policy on developing countries: A Uganda case study By Ole Boysen; Hans Grinsted Jensen; Alan Matthews
  22. Agricultural Labour Market Flexibility in the EU and Candidate Countries By Loughrey, Jason; Donnellan, Trevor; Hanrahan, Kevin; Hennessy, Thia
  23. Russian Agriculture: the First Year within the World Trade Organization By Natalia Karlova; Vasily Uzun; Natalia Shagaida; Renata Yanbykh
  24. How do we increase the share of aid to agriculture in Africa? By Quartey, Peter
  25. Eroded Coffee Traceability and Its Impact on Export Coffee Prices for Ethiopia By Leonard Leung
  26. Transfers for extreme poverty reduction: Implications for patron-client relationships in the context of Bangladesh.s agricultural reformation By Scott, Lucy
  27. Le système alimentaire territorialisé : un futur fondé sur les terroirs et l’agriculture familiale By Jean-Louis Rastoin
  28. Sins of the fathers: The intergenerational legacy of the 1959-1961 Great Chinese Famine on children's cognitive development: By Tan, Chih Ming; Tan, Zhibo; Zhang, Xiaobo

  1. By: O'Donoghue, Erik
    Abstract: The first 50 years of the Federal crop insurance program were marked by low enrollment levels. To boost program participation, legislation in 1994 and 2000 increased premium subsidies. In the years since, the jump in enrollment coupled with high commodity prices caused significant increases in program costs. This report examines the effects of premium subsidies on the demand for crop insurance across major crops and production regions. Findings show that while increases in subsidies can induce farmers to enroll more land, they primarily encourage them to adopt higher levels of coverage on land already enrolled. Midwestern and wheat producers are more responsive to changes in subsidies relative to other regions and crops. Findings suggest that changes to current premium subsidies have the potential to alter producers’ reliance on crop insurance to help mitigate farm risk.
    Keywords: Crop insurance, risk, insurance demand, premium subsidies, Agricultural Risk Protection Act (ARPA), Agribusiness, Agricultural and Food Policy, Agricultural Finance, Crop Production/Industries, Farm Management, Financial Economics, Institutional and Behavioral Economics, International Development, Land Economics/Use, Risk and Uncertainty,
    Date: 2014–07
  2. By: Ben McKay (IPC-IG); Ryan Nehring (IPC-IG)
    Abstract: Global poverty and hunger are most prevalent where food is actually being produced?in rural areas. Roughly 70 per cent of the 1.4 billion extremely poor people in the world live in rural areas (IFAD, 2010). The increasing volatility in food prices, erratic effects of global climate change, and the increasing scarcity of natural resources present new and immediate dynamic challenges for agricultural development. We can no longer attempt to address problems with a one-track approach, as was the case with Green Revolution policies, by solely focusing on increasing yield production. For too long, agricultural policies have been geared towards increasing productivity without taking into account the associated social and environmental impacts which are equally, if not more, important. A sustainable food system must consider the economic, social and environmental impacts of its production, consumption and distribution to ensure its economic viability, social and cultural inclusivity and environmental sustainability. Linking these three key tenets to agricultural policy is rarely done, as it requires valuing intangibles such as local culture, health and the environment in the context of a food production system. (...)
    Keywords: Sustainable Agriculture: An Assessment of Brazil?s Family Farm Programmes in Scaling Up Agroecological Food Production
    Date: 2014–03
  3. By: Cecilia Bellora (THEMA and INRA - UMR Economie Publique); Jean-Marc Bourgeon (Department of Economics, Ecole Polytechnique - CNRS : UMR7176 - Polytechnique - X, INRA - UMR Economie Publique)
    Abstract: Production risks in agriculture due to biotic elements such as pests create biodiversity effects that impede productivity. Pesticides reduce these effects but are damaging for the environment and human health. When regulating farming practices, governments weigh these side-effects against the competitiveness of their agriculture. In a Ricardian two-country setup, we show that free trade results in an incomplete production specialization, that restrictions on pesticides are generally more stringent than under autarky and that trade increases the price volatility of crops produced by both countries and some of the specialized crops. If biodiversity effects are large, the price volatility of all crops is larger than under autarky.
    Keywords: agricultural trade, food prices, agrobiodiversity, pesticides
    Date: 2014–07–29
  4. By: McKay, Andy; Tarp, Finn
    Abstract: Agriculture and food cultivation production remains a key sector in the Vietnamese economy in terms of productive activities, income generation, and national export earnings. Higher world market prices should therefore in principle have a beneficial impac
    Keywords: food prices, rice, Vietnam, transmission
    Date: 2014
  5. By: Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Kancs, d'Artis
    Abstract: This study, carried out in the context of the Factor Markets research project, investigates the impact of the SAPS (Single Area Payment Scheme) on farmland rental rates in the new EU member states. Using a unique set of farm level panel data with 20,930 observations for 2004 and 2005 we are able to control for important sources of endogeneity. According to our results, the SAPS has a positive and statistically significant impact on land rents in the EU. However, the estimated incidence is smaller than predicted theoretically. Land rents capture only 19 cents of the marginal SAPS euro, and around 10% of the SAPS benefit non-farming landowners through higher farmland rental prices. As the share of rented land is higher in corporate farms than individual ones, family farms benefit more from the SAPS than corporate farms do.
    Keywords: Agricultural policy, decoupled subsidies, capitalisation, land value, Land Economics/Use, L11, Q11, Q12, Q15, Q18, P32, R12,
    Date: 2013–08–06
  6. By: Van Herck, Kristine; Vranken, Liesbet
    Abstract: This Factor Markets Working Paper analyses the impact of increasing direct payments on land rents in six new EU member states in which agricultural subsidies largely increased as a result of their EU accession. The authors find that up to 25 eurocents per additional euro of direct payments is capitalised in land rents. In addition, the results show that capitalisation of direct payments is higher in more credit constrained markets, while capitalisation of direct payments is lower in countries where more land is used by corporate farms.
    Keywords: Land rental prices, Farm subsidies, New Member States, Land Economics/Use,
    Date: 2013–08–30
  7. By: Heath Henderson; Leonardo Corral; Eric Simning; Paul Winters
    Abstract: Understanding land accumulation dynamics is relevant for policy makers interested in the economic effects of land inequality in developing country agriculture. We thus explore and simultaneously test the leading theories of microlevel land accumulation dynamics using unique panel data from Paraguay. The results suggest that farm growth varies systematically with farm size --a formal rejection of stochasticgrowth theories (that is, Gibrat's Law)-- and that titled land area may have considerable infuence on land accumulation. Furthermore, our estimates indicate that a dualistic agrarian structure is the likely product of the unfettered operation of land markets.
    Keywords: Land titling, Land tenure, Agricultural policy, Farm growth, Land accumulation, Dynamic panel models, Land inequality, Paraguay
    Date: 2014–07
  8. By: Sitko, Nicholas J.; Kuteya, Auckland N.
    Abstract: The 2012 harvest was, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock national food balance sheet estimates, a major surplus production season. However, by November the same year, Zambia started experiencing widespread maize meal shortages and skyrocketing maize meal prices. Responding to these shortages and price spikes, the government increased the price subsidies it provided on maize sold by the parastatal Food Reserve Agency (FRA) to large-scale maize mills and imposed de facto price controls on maize meal by threatening to revoke the business licenses of commercial maize mills if retail prices of a 25kg bag of maize meal exceeded kwacha rebased (KR) 50. Despite these efforts maize meal prices continued to rise, reaching as high as KR100 in some markets by February 2013.
    Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy, Demand and Price Analysis, Food Security and Poverty,
    Date: 2013–10
  9. By: Amisigo, Barnabas A.; McCluskey, Alyssa; Swanson, Richard
    Abstract: An assessment of the impacts of projected climate change on water availability and crop production in the Volta Basin and the southwestern and coastal basin systems of Ghana has been undertaken as a component of the impacts and adaptation study for Ghana
    Keywords: Ghana, water resources, agriculture, climate change
    Date: 2014
  10. By: Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge; Nehring, Richard; Osteen, Craig; Wechsler, Seth James; Martin, Andrew; Vialou, Alex
    Abstract: Pesticide use has changed considerably over the past five decades. Rapid growth characterized the first 20 years, ending in 1981. The total quantity of pesticides applied to the 21 crops analyzed grew from 196 million pounds of pesticide active ingredients in 1960 to 632 million pounds in 1981. Improvements in the types and modes of action of active ingredients applied along with small annual fluctuations resulted in a slight downward trend in pesticide use to 516 million pounds in 2008. These changes were driven by economic factors that determined crop and input prices and were influenced by pest pressures, environmental and weather conditions, crop acreages, agricultural practices (including adoption of genetically engineered crops), access to land-grant extension personnel and crop consultants, the cost-effectiveness of pesticides and other practices in protecting crop yields and quality, technological innovations in pest management systems/practices, and environmental and health regulations. Emerging pest management policy issues include the development of glyphosate-resistant weed populations associated with the large increase in glyphosate use since the late 1990s, the development of Bt-resistant western corn rootworm in some areas, and the arrival of invasive or exotic pest species,such as soybean aphid and soybean rust, which can influence pesticide use patterns and the development of Integrated Pest Management programs.
    Keywords: Pesticide trends, herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, corn, soybeans, cotton, potatoes, wheat, Environmental Economics and Policy, Production Economics,
    Date: 2014–05
  11. By: Asian Development Bank (ADB); (East Asia Department, ADB); ;
    Abstract: The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) have been actively exploring knowledge partnerships to expand mutual learning with other developing member countries (DMCs) in key sectors such as agriculture, natural resources, transport, and urbanization. This publication documents the knowledge and experiences on agricultural development and rural livelihood improvement shared during the Knowledge Sharing Platform (KSP) held in Beijing and Henan Province in November 2011. Participants from the PRC and 12 other DMCs discussed topics that included policies and institutional mechanisms to promote modern agriculture, agricultural value chain and logistics system development, bridging of agricultural research with practices, rural infrastructure and green development, and financial development in rural areas.
    Keywords: china, prc, knowledge partnerships, agriculture, agricultural development, rural livelihood, agricultural value chain, agricultural logistics system, rural development, agricultural research, circular economy, rural finance
    Date: 2013–04
  12. By: Feichtinger, Paul; Salhofer, Klaus
    Abstract: This paper empirically analyses a dataset of more than 7,300 agricultural land sales transactions from 2001 and 2007 to identify the factors influencing agricultural land prices in Bavaria. We use a general spatial model, which combines a spatial lag and a spatial error model, and in addition account for endogeneity introduced by the spatially lagged dependent variable as well as other explanatory variables. Our findings confirm the strong influence of agricultural factors such as land productivity, of variables describing the regional land market structure, and of non-agricultural factors such as urban pressure on agricultural land prices. Moreover, the involvement of public authorities as a seller or buyer increases sales prices in Bavaria. We find a significant capitalisation of government support payments into agricultural land, where a decrease of direct payments by 1% would decrease land prices in 2007 and 2001 by 0.27% and 0.06%, respectively. In addition, we confirm strong spatial relationships in our dataset. Neglecting this leads to biased estimates, especially if aggregated data is used. We find that the price of a specific plot increases by 0.24% when sales prices in surrounding areas increase by 1%.
    Keywords: Land Economics/Use,
    Date: 2013–06–17
  13. By: Johanna Choumert (CERDI - Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international - CNRS : UMR6587 - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I); Pascale PHELINAS (IRD - IRD - IRD)
    Abstract: In the context of the rapid development of the cultivation of genetically modified soybeans in Argentina, we conduct a hedonic analysis of agricultural land values. The main objective is to evaluate the impact of land tenure systems and agricultural practices on these values. Data on 338 parcels, located in the Pampas region, are analyzed. The tenure appears to be a particularly important variable. We find that plots rented either by physical persons or by companies are negatively valued in relation to plots owned. Results also highlight the importance, though not to a large degree, of a diversified cropping pattern compared to soybean monoculture. Soil quality, location of the plots, distance to markets, as well as to the nearest city, were also found to affect land values.
    Keywords: Genetically modified soybean;hedonic prices;farmland values;Argentina;tenure
    Date: 2014–07–22
  14. By: Chen, Xiu; Kaiser, Harry M.; Rickard, Bradley J.
    Keywords: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety, Production Economics,
    Date: 2014
  15. By: Jessica Ingenillem (Leuphana University Lueneburg, Germany); Joachim Merz (Leuphana University Lueneburg, Germany); Stefan Baumgärtner (Leuphana University Lueneburg, Germany)
    Abstract: We study the determinants and interactions of sustainability and risk management with a cross-sectional dataset on commercial cattle farming in semi-arid rangelands in Namibia. Cattle farmers in Namibia act within a coupled ecological-economic system that is subject to extensive degradation and high environmental risk. Based on survey data, we develop variables for sustainability and risk management within this context, identify their determinants and analyse relevant interactions. Our results show that the ecosystem condition is positively influenced when financial risk management strategies are applied. On-farm risk management, like additional feed for cattle or resting part of the rangeland, and collective risk management through interest groups or governmental support, instead, do not impact on the sustainability of the farm. Risk management itself is predominantly influenced by various risks linked to the farming business and the farmers’ educational background. Furthermore, the gathered experience through operation time on farm decreases the application of on-farm risk management and favours the use of financial and collective risk management. Additionally, collective risk management is influenced by risk preferences, indicating that farmers who are more risk friendly apply forms of joint risk management strategies to a lesser extent. Risk friendliness is also negatively related to the economic sustainability, specified as the ability to sustain the livelihood of the farmer. However, the results show no indication whatsoever that time preferences impact on either sustainability or risk management.
    Keywords: cattle farming, ecological-economic system, financial instruments, precipitation, risk management, semi-arid rangelands, sustainability
    Date: 2014–07
  16. By: Petrick, Martin; Kloss, Mathias
    Abstract: This paper examines the drivers of productivity in EU agriculture from a factor markets perspective. Using econometrically estimated production elasticities and shadow prices of factors for a set of eight EU member states, we focus on field crop farms represented in the FADN database for the years 2002-08. As it turned out that output reacts most elastically to materials input, we investigate this factor further and find different rationing regimes represented in different member states. Marginal return on materials is low in Denmark and West Germany, but significantly above typical market interest rates in East Germany, Italy and Spain. In the latter countries and in Denmark it also increased towards the end of the observed period. This finding is consistent with a perception of tightening funding access, possibly induced or reinforced by the unfolding financial crisis. Marginal returns to land, labour and fixed capital are generally low. We conclude that the functioning of factor markets plays a crucial role for productivity growth, but that factor market operations display considerable heterogeneity across EU member states.
    Keywords: Agricultural Finance,
    Date: 2013–08–06
  17. By: Chandana Maitra (School of Economics, The University of Queensland); Prasada Rao (School of Economics, The University of Queensland)
    Abstract: This paper examines the association between two alternative indicators of food access-traditional calorie-based indicators which provide objective data and the experiential indicators which address the psychological dimensions of food insecurity. In the process of modelling the relationship between the two indicators, the study also identifies the determinants of experience-based food security and provides a simple mechanism to predict a household’s food security status, given certain economic and socio-demographic characteristics of the household. The entire exercise is based on the information collected from a survey of 500 randomly selected slum households of Kolkata in 2010-11. The experience-based indicator of food security was constructed following the U.S. Household Food Security Survey Module (US HFSSM). A nine-item food security scale was constructed, based on which households were classified as highly food secure, marginally food secure, moderately food insecure and severely food insecure. The modelling framework is based on recursive simultaneous ordered probit model with continuous and binary endogenous explanatory variables. Results indicate that the two alternative indicators are aligned in the same direction. The paper has a strong policy emphasis since it establishes the nutritional relevance of the experiential food security indicator and at the same time identifies possible threats to household food security which include lack of assets, low level of education, female headship of households and high dependency ratio in the household. The modelling framework also allows one to identify households at greater risk of food insecurity.
    Date: 2014–08–08
  18. By: Magali Aubert (Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs, INRA); Jean Marie Codron (Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs, INRA); Sylvain Rousset (Institut National de Recherche en Sciences et Technologies pour l'Environnement et l'Agriculture); Murat Yercan (Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics, Ege University)
    Abstract: In most competitive fresh fruit and vegetables chains, growers are faced with the need to comply with the requirements of increasingly safety demanding customers. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices have become a true solution for small scale growers that could not afford the cost of a GAP certificate. While literature on farmer adoption of IPM practices focuses on farmer and farm characteristics, only a few authors underline the importance of technology, marketing and pesticides safety control. Moreover, only a few papers have studied IPM adoption in developing or emerging countries. Our paper aims to fill this gap by focusing on Turkey, an emerging country with dominant small scale growers, where diffusion of IPM is still in its infancy. It also takes into account factors that go beyond the farmers and farm characteristics that are usually addressed by literature. 186 tomato growers have been surveyed in the province of Antalya, a region of Turkey supplying 85% of the national production of tomato grown under greenhouse. IPM adoption has been represented by two indicators : a counter of the eleven most salient IPM practices and a three-tier level of intensity of adoption (high, medium, low). Our analysis confirms most of our predictions and highlights the role of innovative factors such as technology, farming system characteristics, marketing and safety control.
    Keywords: integrated pest management, farmers, tomato, determinants of adoption, turkey, turquieproduit frais, fruit, legume frais, tomatesécurité sanitaire, lutte intégrée, gestion intégréepesticide
    Date: 2013
  19. By: Jing You; Katsushi S. Imai; Raghav Gaiha
    Date: 2014
  20. By: Ayodele F. Odusola (MDG and Development Policy Adviser, UNDP Regional Bureau for Africa, New York)
    Abstract: Over the past decade, large-scale land acquisition in Africa has become quite intense, especially in DRC, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia. While African countries are motivated by the need to transform the agricultural sector and diversify their economies, the urge to meet the needs of future food and biofuel security, among others, underpins foreign interest. This divergence of interest makes the realisation of the prospective benefits elusive in Africa. Maximsing the benefits of large-scale land acquisition requires bold actions against the following structural impediments: (i) weak land governance and a failure to recognise, protect and properly compensate local communities? land rights; (ii) lack of country capacity to process and manage large-scale investments; (iii) foreign investors? proposals that are inconsistent with local and national visions; (iv) resource conflict with negative distributional and gender effects; and (vii) inadequate capacity to assess the social, economic and environmental impact of the project on local communities. This paper suggests a 10-point agenda for maximising the benefits of the land grab in Africa. (?)
    Date: 2014–04
  21. By: Ole Boysen (Agricultural and Food Policy, University of Hohenheim; Institute for International Integration Studies, Trinity College Dublin); Hans Grinsted Jensen (Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen); Alan Matthews (Department of Economics, Trinity College Dublin; Institute for International Integration Studies, Trinity College Dublin)
    Abstract: Despite substantial reforms, the EU's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is still criticised for its detrimental effects on developing countries. This paper provides updated evidence on the impact of the CAP on one developing country, Uganda. It goes beyond estimating macro-level economic effects by analysing the impacts on poverty. The policy simulation results show that eliminating EU agricultural support would have marginal but nonetheless positive impacts on the Ugandan economy and its poverty indicators. From the perspective of the EU's commitment to policy coherence for development, this supports the view that further reducing EU agricultural support would be positive for development.
    Keywords: Uganda; Common Agricultural Policy; poverty; trade policy; domestic support; computable general equilibrium-microsimulation
    JEL: D58 F14 O10 O55
    Date: 2014–07
  22. By: Loughrey, Jason; Donnellan, Trevor; Hanrahan, Kevin; Hennessy, Thia
    Abstract: Factor markets that function well are a crucial condition for the competitiveness and growth of agriculture. Institutions and regulation may give rise to agricultural labour market heterogeneity, which could have important effects on the functioning of the labour market and other agricultural factor markets in EU member states. This paper first defines the institutional framework for the labour market, and then presents a brief literature review of previous studies of labour market institutional frameworks. Based on the literature, a survey to characterise agricultural labour markets was undertaken, which was implemented for a selection of EU27 and EU candidate countries, with responses based on expert opinion. The survey data were then used to construct indices of labour market flexibility/rigidity for the countries examined. These indices were used to make inter-country labour market comparisons and to draw inferences about the institutions and functioning of the agricultural labour market.
    Keywords: Agricultural Labour Market, Flexibility, Policy, Labor and Human Capital, J40, J43,
    Date: 2013–06
  23. By: Natalia Karlova (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy); Vasily Uzun (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy); Natalia Shagaida (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy); Renata Yanbykh (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy)
    Abstract: This paper deals with the outcome of the first year of Russia’s membership in WTO.
    Keywords: Russian economy, Russian agricultural production, WTO
    Date: 2014
  24. By: Quartey, Peter
    Abstract: Agriculture plays an important role in terms of employment and its contribution to gross domestic product in many African countries. Thus, any policy initiative targeted towards poverty reduction in Africa should consider the agricultural sector as the ma
    Keywords: aid, agriculture, Africa, poverty
    Date: 2014
  25. By: Leonard Leung (Department of Economics, Queen’s University, Canada)
    Abstract: In December 2008, the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX) opened a new coffee platform that has transformed Ethiopia’s coffee trade. The way ECX handles coffee in a commodity fashion has eroded traceability, a characteristic sought after by overseas coffee buyers. This paper traces the forces that give rise to the commoditization of coffee. An empirical analysis using a dataset on export coffee transactions supports the view that eroded traceability suppresses the export price of non-traceable, ECX-sourced coffee, relative to fully traceable coffee. The cumulative monetary is estimated to be 280 million USD, equivalent to 26% of farmer’ farm gate income from coffee.
    Keywords: Ethiopian Commodity Exchange, Ethiopian coffee, coffee traceability, commoditization
    JEL: C12 D80 Q17 Q28
    Date: 2014–02
  26. By: Scott, Lucy
    Abstract: This paper investigates how a development intervention which targets extremely poor households with investment capital influences relationships between those households and the landowning elite. It places this investigation in the context of the .agricult
    Keywords: extreme poverty, asset transfer, patron-client relationships, rural change, Bangladesh
    Date: 2014
  27. By: Jean-Louis Rastoin (Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs, INRA; Montpellier SupAgro - Centre International d'Etudes Supérieures en Sciences Agronomiques; Chaire Unesco « Alimentations du monde », United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization)
    Keywords: système alimentaire, agriculture familialeterroirsécurité alimentaireprospective territoriale
    Date: 2013
  28. By: Tan, Chih Ming; Tan, Zhibo; Zhang, Xiaobo
    Abstract: The intergenerational effect of fetal exposure to malnutrition on cognitive ability has rarely been studied for human beings in large part due to lack of data. In this paper, we exploit a natural experiment, the Great Chinese Famine of 1959–1961, and employ a novel dataset, the China Family Panel Studies, to explore the intergenerational legacy of early childhood health shocks on the cognitive abilities of the children of parents born during the famine. We find that daughters born to rural fathers who experienced the famine in early childhood score lower in major tests than sons, whereas children born to female survivors are not affected.
    Keywords: Famine, Hunger, malnutrition, Nutrition, Children, Agricultural policies, Economic development, Fathers, Mental ability, Genes, Chromosomes, epigenetics, intergenerational transmission, resilience,
    Date: 2014

General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.