New Economics Papers
on Agricultural Economics
Issue of 2007‒09‒02
ten papers chosen by

  1. Agriculture and Resource Exploitation: A Dynamic Bioeconomic Model of Agricultural Effort and Land Use Determination By FOUDI Sebastien; ;
  2. (Mudanças nos Padrões dos Rendimentos de Agregados Familiares Rurais em Moçambique de 1996 a 2002 e suas Implicações para a Contribuição da Agricultura para a Redução da Pobreza) Changes in Rural Household Income Patterns in Mozambique, 1996-2002, and Implications for Agriculture’s Contribution to Poverty Reduction. By Duncan Boughton; David Mather; David Tschirley; Tom Walker; Benedito Cunguara; Ellen Payongayong
  3. The Alberta dilemma: Optimal sharing of a water resource by an agricultural and an oil sector By GAUDET Gérard; MOREAUX Michel; WITHAGEN Cees
  4. Correlated Risks and the Value of Information for Agricultural Producers By EECKHOUDT Louis; THOMAS Alban; TREICH Nicolas
  5. Ethanolomics: The Think-About's of the Mexican Ethanol Project By Ricardo Cantú
  7. Assessing the impact of public regulation and private participation on water affordability for poor households: An empirical investigation of the French case By REYNAUD Arnaud; ;
  8. Domestic effects of environmental policies with transboundary pollution By CAVAGNAC Michel; PECHOUX Isabelle;
  9. Ordering the Extraction of Polluting Nonrenewable Resources By CHAKRAVORTY Ujjayant; MOREAUX Michel; TIDBALL Mabel
  10. On the Effects of Stochastic Technical Change on Optimal Sustainable Growth Paths with Exhaustible Resource By LAFFORGUE Gilles; ;

  1. By: FOUDI Sebastien (LERNA, University of Toulouse); ;
    Date: 2006–08
  2. By: Duncan Boughton (Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University); David Mather; David Tschirley; Tom Walker; Benedito Cunguara; Ellen Payongayong
    Abstract: The challenge that faces Mozambique’s government is to design poverty reduction and rural development strategies that deliver three-dimensional growth: rapid growth to reduce poverty incidence quickly, sustainable growth to ensure that people permanently escape poverty, and broad-based growth to ensure that as many families as possible benefit from it. The specific objectives of this paper are: 1. To compare the level, sources, and distribution of rural household incomes in 1995-96 and 2001-02. To achieve this objective, the paper answers questions such as how have rural incomes changed over the six year period; how much have the poorest of the poor benefited; and have rural incomes grown evenly over the whole country or have some areas grown faster than others? 2. To compare the level and composition of agricultural income in 1995-96 and 2001-02. The paper considers the importance of agriculture relative to non-farm activities as a source of rural income, and the mix of agricultural activities, for different income groups. 3. To identify priorities for enhancing agriculture’s contribution to rural economic growth and poverty reduction in the medium term.
    Keywords: food security, food policy, Mozambique, household, income, poverty
    JEL: Q18
    Date: 2006
  3. By: GAUDET Gérard; MOREAUX Michel (LERNA, University of Toulouse); WITHAGEN Cees
    Date: 2006–08
  4. By: EECKHOUDT Louis; THOMAS Alban (LERNA, University of Toulouse); TREICH Nicolas (LERNA, University of Toulouse)
    Date: 2006–08
  5. By: Ricardo Cantú
    Abstract: The Mexican Ethanol Project has the potential of power up rural economy, improve the environment quality, and substitute the non-renewable fossil energy resources. But the risk of not achieving these is latent: the market distorts that it could unleash can change the expected outcomes. Public policies, such as No Deforestation, Investments in Agricultural Productivity, and Ethanol Manufacture in situ, could help orientate the private incentives to increase social welfare. In a big proportion, PEMEX and the Mexican Federal Government would be directly, or indirectly, affected by the domestic ethanol production, opening a door for them to participate in it and avoid damage on their interests. But there's still a question to answer: how long it would take before these benefits could be felt?
    Keywords: ethanol, rural development, Mexico, public policies, oil crisis
    JEL: H30 L32 L33 Q20 Q23 Q27 Q29 Q12 Q13 Q18 R38 R11 R13
    Date: 2007–02
  6. By: Pasquale De Muro; Francesco Burchi
    Abstract: In the world there are approximately 800 million people who live in condition of food insecurity and illiteracy. This paper shows that education is a key to food security for rural populations in developing countries. Attention is drawn to rural areas because they are traditionally more disadvantaged by national educational policies. The theoretical foundation of this research is that being educated improves rural people’s capacity to diversify assets and activities, increase productivity and income, foster resilience and competitiveness, access information on health and sanitation, strengthen social cohesion and participation: these are all essential elements to ensure food security in the long run. The main findings of this research are the following: first, the association between food insecurity and primary education is very high, while it decreases progressively with basic, secondary, and tertiary education. Such a two-way relationship is expressed through graphical tools and correlation coefficients. Second, the econometric model shows that primary education is a crucial element to reduce food insecurity in rural areas, even when compared to other factors such as access to water, health, and sanitation. Concluding from this model, an increase of access to primary education by 100% causes a decrease of food insecurity by approximately 20% or 24% depending on the definition of food insecurity and its measurement. Finally, since in most of developing countries the majority of people live in rural areas, and since it is in these areas that the largest proportion of world poverty and hunger exists, we can conclude that education for rural people is a relevant tool for promoting overall national food security.
    Keywords: Education, Food Security, Human Development, Cross-
    JEL: I2 Q18 O15 C31
    Date: 2007–07
  7. By: REYNAUD Arnaud (LERNA, University of Toulouse); ;
    Date: 2006–08
  8. By: CAVAGNAC Michel (LERNA, TSE); PECHOUX Isabelle;
    Date: 2007–08
  9. By: CHAKRAVORTY Ujjayant; MOREAUX Michel (LERNA, University of Toulouse); TIDBALL Mabel
    Date: 2006–08
  10. By: LAFFORGUE Gilles (LERNA, University of Toulouse); ;
    Date: 2006–08

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