New Economics Papers
on Agricultural Economics
Issue of 2005‒10‒08
three papers chosen by

  1. Reaching Millennium Goals: How well does agricultural productivity growth reduce poverty? By Nomaan Majid
  2. Environment for the People By Elizabeth A. Stanton; James K. Boyce
  3. Land taxes in a Latin American context By Juliano Junqueira Assunção; Humberto Moreira

  1. By: Nomaan Majid (International Labour Office, Employment Strategy Department)
    Keywords: agricultural productivity, poverty
    Date: 2004–08–05
  2. By: Elizabeth A. Stanton; James K. Boyce
    Abstract: Environment for the People, a joint publication of PERI and the Centre for Science and the Environment (CSE) in India, documents innovative strategies used by environmental activists around the world to build natural assets. In diverse landscapes, from Bangladesh's riverine delta to Somalia's arid uplands, communities are investing in ecological restoration. In ‘extractive reserves' in the Amazon rainforest, the defense of sustainable livelihoods goes hand-in-hand with defense of bio-diversity. In the Peruvian Andes, indigenous com-munities are fighting to protect their lands and water from the ravages of the mining industry. And in cities around the world, from Los Angeles to New Delhi, communities are mobilizing to defend the right to clean air. These and other inspiring cases profiled in Environment for the People illustrate that humankind does not face an inexorable ‘tradeoff' between protecting the natural environment and improving economic well-being. On the contrary, struggles for environmental protection and sustainable livelihoods are bound together.
    Date: 2005
  3. By: Juliano Junqueira Assunção (Department of Economics PUC-Rio); Humberto Moreira (EPGE/FGV)
    Abstract: Since Henry George (1839-1897) economists have been arguing that a tax on unim- proved land is an ideal tax on e¢ ciency grounds. Output taxes, on the other hand, have distortional e¤ects on the economy. This paper shows that under asymmetric information output tax might be used along with land tax in order to implement the optimal taxation scheme in a Latin-American context, i.e., in an economy with imperfect land-rental market, non-agricultural land use and non-revenue objectives of land taxation. Also, we show that: (i) schemes based on land taxes alone might not be implementable; and (ii) tax evasion is more acute among large landholders.
    Keywords: Optimal taxation, tax evasion, land use.
    Date: 2005–02

General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.