New Economics Papers
on Agricultural Economics
Issue of 2005‒06‒19
four papers chosen by

  1. Privatizing the Commons and Economic Degradation By Christopher J. Ellis; Edward Birdyshaw
  2. Market Integration in Wholesale Rice Markets in India By Raghbendra Jha; K.V. Bhanu Murthy; Anurag Sharma
  3. Environmental Auditing and the Role of the Accountancy Profession: A Literature Review By P. DE MOOR; I. DE BEELDE
  4. Measuring Education Levels of Farmers: Evidence from Innovation Adoption in Bangladesh By Masakazu Hojo

  1. By: Christopher J. Ellis (University of Oregon); Edward Birdyshaw (California State University, Fresno)
    Abstract: We develop a dynamic model of the exploitation of an environmental resource with endogenous property rights. We are able to explain both the evolution of property rights and environmental quality. In some circumstances the time path of environmental quality is U-shaped and resembles an Environmental Kuznets Curve. However this patern derives from changes in the property rights regime, not from changes in income.
    Keywords: Commons, Property Rights, Environmental Resource
    JEL: Q20 Q50
    Date: 2005–05–01
  2. By: Raghbendra Jha; K.V. Bhanu Murthy; Anurag Sharma
    Abstract: This paper tests for market integration in 55 wholesale rice markets in India using monthly data over the period January 1970 - December 1999. The technique of Gonzalez-Rivera and Helfand (2001) is used to identify common factors across various markets. It is discovered that market integration is far from complete in India and a major reason for this is the excessive interference in rice markets by government agencies. As a result it is hard for scarcity conditions in isolated markets to be picked up by markets with abundance in supply. A number of policy implications are also considered.
    Keywords: Length (pages): 36
    Date: 2005
    Abstract: This review of the literature on environmental auditing and the potential role of accountants distinguishes between compliance audits and audits of the environmental management system. After an extensive introduction to the concept, this review focuses on the similarities and differences between an environmental audit and a financial statement audit. Except that environmental audits are largely unregulated, the general approach to both types of audits is similar. Both audits place an emphasis on the evaluation of control systems, which is an argument in favor of external auditors playing a role in environmental audits. Another argument for including external accountants, is their code of ethics. However, these professionals seem to be reluctant to enter the field of environmental auditing. It is argued that this reluctance is because of a lack of generally accepted principles for conducting environmental audits. If external accountants are engaged in environmental auditing, they should be part of multidisciplinary teams that also include scientists and engineers to avoid a too strong focus on procedures. Rather than treating these audits as totally different, it is proposed that there be a move towards integrated, or even universal, audits.
    Keywords: Environmental auditing, Environmental reporting, Compliance audit, Environmental management system, External auditors
    Date: 2005–04
  4. By: Masakazu Hojo (Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University)
    Abstract: Education levels of farmers have been measured in a variety of ways in preceding studies. In order to examine whether or not different measures of education have different effects on the behavior of farmers, I first summarize the measures of education and then perform an empirical analysis. Although education measures examined in this paper have been used in many studies, their effects are shown to differ significantly in my empirical analysis: some variables have positive impacts on farmerfs behavior while others do not. This result suggests we have to pay more attention to selecting measures of education in empirical investigations.
    Keywords: Education; Agriculture; Technology adoption; Bangladesh
    JEL: I20 Q12 Q16
    Date: 2004–03

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