nep-afr New Economics Papers
on Africa
Issue of 2023‒02‒20
five papers chosen by
Sam Sarpong
Xiamen University Malaysia Campus

  1. Legacies of victimization: Evidence from forced resettlement in Zimbabwe By Shelley Liu
  2. Ethnic Remoteness Reduces the Peace Dividend from Trade Access By Klaus Desmet; Joseph F. Gomes
  3. Barriers to adoption of optimal complementary feeding practices in Ethiopia: A formative qualitative investigation: Evidence from SPIR II By Leight, Jessica; Alderman, Harold; Gilligan, Daniel O.; Hidrobo, Melissa; Mulford, Michael; Tadesse, Elazar
  4. Follow the leader: community-based health insurance in West Africa By Rute M. Caeiro; Alexander Coutts; Teresa Molina-Millan; Pedro C. Vicente
  5. The role of spatial inequalities on youth migration decisions: Empirical evidence from Nigeria By Amare, Mulubrhan; Abay, Kibrom A.; Chamberlin, Jordan

  1. By: Shelley Liu
    Abstract: How does wartime victimization shape victims' political attitudes in the long run? We argue that violence increases politics' salience to victimized communities, which in turn increases these communities' political awareness and evaluation of governance quality decades after war has ended. We examine Protected Villages in the Zimbabwe Liberation War (1972-79).
    Keywords: Political attitudes, Political violence, Resettlement, Zimbabwe, Post-conflict, Political participation
    Date: 2023
  2. By: Klaus Desmet; Joseph F. Gomes
    Abstract: This paper shows that ethnically remote locations do not reap the full peace dividend from increased market access. Exploiting the staggered implementation of the US-initiated Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and using high-resolution data on ethnic composition and violent conflict for sub-Saharan Africa, our analysis finds that in the wake of improved trade access conflict declines less in locations that are ethnically remote from the rest of the country. We hypothesize that ethnic remoteness acts as a barrier that hampers participation in the global economy. Consistent with this hypothesis, satellite-based luminosity data show that the income gains from improved trade access are smaller in ethnically remote locations, and survey data indicate that ethnically more distant individuals do not benefit from the same positive income shocks when exposed to increased market access. These results underscore the importance of ethnic barriers when analyzing which locations and groups might be left behind by globalization.
    JEL: D74 F13 F6 O12 O55 R11 Z1
    Date: 2023–01
  3. By: Leight, Jessica; Alderman, Harold; Gilligan, Daniel O.; Hidrobo, Melissa; Mulford, Michael; Tadesse, Elazar
    Abstract: Since its inception in 2005, the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) has been a cornerstone of the Ethiopian government’s strategy for poverty alleviation, disaster risk management, and rural development. The PSNP provides food or cash transfers targeted to poor households in the form of payments for seasonal labor on public works or as direct support to households. It has played an important role in improving the lives of poor Ethiopian households by reducing household food insecurity, increasing asset holdings, and improving agricultural productivity (Berhane et al. 2014; Hoddinott et al. 2017).
    Keywords: ETHIOPIA, EAST AFRICA, AFRICA SOUTH OF SAHARA, AFRICA, health workers, feeding, supplementary feeding, qualitative analysis, children, households, health care
    Date: 2022
  4. By: Rute M. Caeiro; Alexander Coutts; Teresa Molina-Millan; Pedro C. Vicente
    Abstract: In this study, we analyze the role of social networks in health insurance adoption in rural Guinea-Bissau. Using detailed social network data, and exploiting the mobilization of local female leaders to promote the insurance scheme, we find that, following the promoters’ intervention, households’ probability of take-up increased by 22 percentage points. Looking at effects along social networks, we find that households well connected to insurance promoters are more likely to adopt if promoters adopt as well. Lastly, our results show that distribution of insurance promotional material by the promoters has a positive effect in households’ adoption and payment of health insurance.
    Keywords: Health insurance, Social networks, Africa
    JEL: O12 I13 D83
    Date: 2022
  5. By: Amare, Mulubrhan; Abay, Kibrom A.; Chamberlin, Jordan
    Abstract: We combine nationally representative data from Nigeria with spatiotemporal data from remote sensing and other sources to study how young migrants respond to observable characteristics of potential destinations, both in absolute terms and relative to origin locations. Migrants prefer destinations with better welfare, land availability and intensity of economic activity. We also find that migrants prefer shorter distances and those destinations with better urban amenities and infrastructure. However, responses vary by type of migrant and migration. For example, rural-rural migrants are more responsive to land availability and agricultural potential, while rural-urban and urban-urban migrants are more responsive to welfare and economic vibrancy (measured by nightlight intensity) in destinations. Distance induces varying impact on migration choices of poor and non-poor migrants as well as across more educated and less educated migrants. Longer distances discourage migration for female migrants, poorer migrants and less educated migrant while the implication for the non-poor and more educated migrants appears to be negligible. This is intuitive because poorer and less educated migrants have liquidity constraints to finance high migration costs. Our results suggest potential scope for predicting how labor mobility responds to alternative regional development policies.
    Keywords: NIGERIA; WEST AFRICA; AFRICA SOUTH OF SAHARA; AFRICA; data; data analysis; destinations; development policies; economics; educational opportunities; labour; land; land access; migration; migrants; provenance; remote sensing; welfare; spatiotemporal data
    Date: 2022

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