nep-afr New Economics Papers
on Africa
Issue of 2022‒03‒21
five papers chosen by
Sam Sarpong
Xiamen University Malaysia Campus

  1. Sustainability, Growth and Impact of MFIs in Africa By Elikplimi K. Agbloyor; Simplice A. Asongu; Peter Muriu
  2. The Impact of Financial Inclusion on Household Health Expenditures in Africa By Ofeh M. Edoh; Tii N. Nchofoung; Ofeh E. Anchi
  3. Using a list experiment to measure intimate partner violence: Cautionary evidence from Ethiopia By Gilligan, Daniel O.; Hidrobo, Melissa; Leight, Jessica; Tambet, Heleene
  4. Who claims the rights to livestock? Exploring gender patterns of asset holdings in smallholder households in Uganda By Hillesland, Marya; Doss, Cheryl; Slavchevska, Vanya
  5. Exploring the Contribution of Energy Price to Carbon Emissions in African Countries By Umar, Bamanga; Alam, Md. Mahmudul; Al-Amin, Abul Quasem

  1. By: Elikplimi K. Agbloyor (University of Ghana Business School, Ghana); Simplice A. Asongu (Yaoundé, Cameroon); Peter Muriu (University of Nairobi, Kenya)
    Abstract: This study provides insights into the sustainability of microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Africa with specific emphasis on documented measures of MFI sustainability, stylized facts surrounding the phenomenon, perspectives on the growth of MFIs, determinants of the growth of MFIs and the impact of MFIs.
    Keywords: Sustainability; Growth; MFIs; Africa
    Date: 2021–08
  2. By: Ofeh M. Edoh (Yaounde, Cameroon); Tii N. Nchofoung (University of Dschang, Cameroon); Ofeh E. Anchi (University of Bamenda, Cameroon)
    Abstract: This study examines the impact of financial inclusion on household health expenditure in 17 African countries. It argues that financial inclusion is an active influencer of individuals’ health demand and that Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita and voluntary health insurance schemes tend to be active transmission channels through which financial inclusion affects household health expenditures. The study used an instrumental variable (2SLS) technique for the analysis over a period from 2008 to 2017.Results from the study show that being financially included leads to increase household health expenditures. Suggestions for policy emerging from this study to governments in Africa are on the aspect of fostering financial inclusion to a wider population alongside enhancing the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) plan to ease the burden of out-of-pocket payments on households.
    Keywords: Financial inclusion, Health expenditure, Out-of-pocket (OOP) payments, 2SLS
    JEL: G15 I13 C23
    Date: 2021–01
  3. By: Gilligan, Daniel O.; Hidrobo, Melissa; Leight, Jessica; Tambet, Heleene
    Abstract: While indirect methods are increasingly widely used to measure sensitive behaviors such as intimate partner violence in order to minimize social desirability biases in responses, in developing countries the use of more complex indirect questioning methods raises important questions around how individuals will react to the use of a more unusual and complex question structure. This paper presents evidence from a list experiment measuring multiple forms of intimate partner violence within an extremely poor sample of women in rural Ethiopia. We find that the list experiment does not generate estimates of intimate partner violence that are higher than direct response questions; rather, prevalence estimates using the list experiment are lower vis-à -vis prevalence estimates using the direct reports, and sometimes even negative. We interpret this finding as consistent with “fleeing†behavior by respondents who do not wish to be associated with statements associated with intimate partner violence.
    Keywords: ETHIOPIA; EAST AFRICA; AFRICA SOUTH OF SAHARA; AFRICA; domestic violence; measurement; rural communities; intimate partner violence (IPV); list experiments
    Date: 2021
  4. By: Hillesland, Marya; Doss, Cheryl; Slavchevska, Vanya
    Abstract: This study investigates the gendered patterns of livestock ownership in rural households in Uganda using a detailed data set with information on ownership, management, and decision-making across different types of livestock. Drawing on the bundle of rights frameworks developed by Schlager and Ostrom (1992) and Benjaminsen and Ba (2009), the analysis demonstrates the importance of going beyond considering ownership to also consider these other rights. We find that people may claim to be owners, but not to have the management or fructus rights, but also people may have these latter rights without claiming ownership. Using interviews from both the husband and wife in the household, we analyze the patterns of disagreement regarding claims to these rights and find substantial disagreement.
    Keywords: UGANDA; EAST AFRICA; AFRICA SOUTH OF SAHARA; AFRICA; gender; livestock; smallholders; rural areas; households; ownership; gender asset gap; intrahousehold dynamics
    Date: 2021
  5. By: Umar, Bamanga; Alam, Md. Mahmudul (Universiti Utara Malaysia); Al-Amin, Abul Quasem
    Abstract: The increasing level of greenhouse gas carbon emission currently exacerbates the devastating effect of global warming on the Earth’s ecosystem. Energy usage is one of the most important determinants that is increasing the amount of carbon gases being released. Simultaneously, the level of energy usage is derived by the price and therefore, this study examines the contribution of energy price to carbon gas emissions in thirteen African nations for the period spanning 1990 to 2017. It does this by utilizing the Cross-sectional Dependence (CD), Augmented Mean Group (AMG) and Pooled Mean Group (PMG) panel modelling methods. The findings of the AMG model suggest that a 1% increase in energy price leads to a 0.02% decerease in carbon emission. The results further reveal that a 1% increase in energy intensity and technological innovation lead to 0.04% and 3.65% increase in carbon emission, respectively, in the selected African countries. Findings will help policymakers to implement effective energy price policies to reduce carbon emissions and achieve sustainable development goals especially in the emerging economies of Africa.
    Date: 2021–11–30

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