nep-afr New Economics Papers
on Africa
Issue of 2017‒05‒28
six papers chosen by
Sam Sarpong
The University of Mines and Technology

  1. Private Investment in Renewable Energy Sector in Africa: An Economic Analysis By Mahrous, Walaa
  2. Excess female mortality in Africa By Siwan Anderson; Debraj Ray
  3. Working Paper 264 - Institutional Reforms and Economic Outcomes in Africa By AfDB AfDB
  4. Does foreign investment reduce poverty?empirical evidence from Tanzania By Magombeyi, Mercy T; Odhiambo, Nicholas M
  5. Building bridges or deepening divides: Resources and formal volunteering in post-apartheid South Africa By Dineo Seabe; Ronelle Burger
  6. Catallactics misapplication: it impact on Africa’s economy By Tweneboah Senzu, Emmanuel

  1. By: Mahrous, Walaa
    Abstract: African countries still lack a huge amount of energy that is necessary to increase economic growth, alleviate poverty, and sustain economic development (energy insecurity). Public investment in energy sector is still limited to supply household and private sector with their energy needs. Only private investment in renewable energy can play a major role in filling this gap. By applying SWOT analysis, this study illustrates the major threats and weaknesses (challenges) faced by the private investment in renewable energy sector in Africa vis-à-vis the main opportunities and strengths (benefits) these investments can get. Finally, it ends with some suggested solutions that can help at improving conditions of this vital sector and attracting more private investments to it.
    Keywords: Private Investment, Renewable Energy, SWOT Analysis.
    JEL: Q20 Q42
    Date: 2016–04
  2. By: Siwan Anderson; Debraj Ray
    Abstract: o developed countries, there are far fewer women than men in parts of the developing world. Estimates suggest that more than 200 million women are demographically missing’ worldwide. To explain the global ‘missing women’ phenomenon, research has mainly ocused on excess female mortality in Asia. However, as emphasized in our earlier research, at least 0 per cent of the missing women are ‘missing’ from Africa. This paper employs a novel ethodology to determine how the phenomenon of missing women is distributed across Africa. oreover, it provides estimates of the extent of excess female mortality within different age groups nd by disease category. The empirical results reiterate the importance of excess female mortality or women in Africa.
    Date: 2017
  3. By: AfDB AfDB
    Date: 2017–05–17
  4. By: Magombeyi, Mercy T; Odhiambo, Nicholas M
    Abstract: This paper investigates the direct impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows on poverty reductionin Tanzania between 1980 and 2014. The paper attempts to answer one critical question: Does FDI reducepoverty in Tanzania? The study employs three poverty reduction proxies, namely, household consumptionexpenditure (Pov1), infant mortality rate (Pov2), and life expectancy (Pov3). The three poverty reductionproxies have been selected based on the need to capture poverty in its multidimensional nature. Using theautoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach, the study finds that FDI has a short-runpositive impact on poverty reduction when infant mortality rate is used as a proxy for poverty reduction.However, when infant mortality rate and life expectancy are used as poverty reduction proxies, FDI has noimpact on poverty reduction. This applies irrespective of whether the analysis is conducted in the short runor in the long run. The study, therefore, concludes that the impact of FDI on poverty reduction is sensitiveto the proxy used to measure the level of poverty reduction, and varies over time.
    Keywords: Tanzania; Poverty Reduction; Foreign Direct Investment; Household Consumption Expenditure;Infant Mortality Rate;Life Expectancy
    Date: 2017–05
  5. By: Dineo Seabe (Dept of Applied Economics, Vrije Univeriteit Brussels); Ronelle Burger (Dept. Economics, Stellenbosch University)
    Abstract: This study investigates volunteering in a highly unequal society. It uses post-apartheid South Africa as a case study: the enduring apartheid legacy has left deep divides between classes and races in the country. The research asks if formal volunteering serves to enhance social cohesion or reinforces such social divides. Logistic analysis is applied to the 2001 South African World Values Survey, to measure the strength of the relationship between the likelihood to volunteer, and selected human, social and cultural capital variables. The analysis shows that volunteering tends to align with existing social divides. Individuals are more likely to volunteer if they are educated and affluent, supporting the dominant status theory. Prejudice and not valuing sharing are also associated with a higher proclivity for volunteering. Broadly, we find that the available evidence suggests that volunteering is associated with bonding, rather than bridging, social capital. Although hardly uncontentious, broad-based support for and involvement in religious volunteering suggest that religious communities and congregations could in the future provide a bridge to help heal the rifts if links between such communities are strengthened.
    Keywords: Volunteering, human capital, social capital, ‘Ubuntu’, religiosity
    JEL: C51 D64 D71 L32
    Date: 2017
  6. By: Tweneboah Senzu, Emmanuel
    Abstract: The paper seeks to solve the macroeconomic error that emerged from the dispensing of the monetary policy by the Central Banks of Africa. These monetary policies have refused to address the desired economic growth expected by individual developing and underdeveloped countries. It conclusively present a new mathematical model to determine the exact health status of an economy in developing and underdeveloped countries in Africa.
    Keywords: Monetary Economics, Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomics, Developmental Economics
    JEL: E5 E52 E58
    Date: 2015–07–20

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