nep-afr New Economics Papers
on Africa
Issue of 2016‒10‒23
six papers chosen by
Sam Sarpong
The University of Mines and Technology

  1. Is the Threat of Foreign Aid Withdrawal an Effective Deterrent to Political Oppression? Evidence from 53 African Countries By Asongu, Simplice; Nwachukwu, Jacinta
  2. Women's Roles in the West African Food System: Implications and Prospects for Food Security and Resilience By OECD
  3. Differences in the effects of vocational training on men and women : constraints on women and drop-out behaviour By Cho, Yoonyoung.; Kalomba, Davie.; Mobarak, Ahmed Mushfiq.; Orozco, Victor.
  4. Cash transfer programmes, poverty reduction and empowerment of women in South Africa By Plagerson, Sophie.; Ulriksen, Marianne S.
  5. The effects of industrial work on income and health: Experimental evidence from Ethiopia By Blattman, Christopher; Dercon, Stefan
  6. Inclusive growth and productive employment in Zambia By Harasty, Claire.; Kwong, Miranda.; Ronnås, Per.

  1. By: Asongu, Simplice; Nwachukwu, Jacinta
    Abstract: This study complements existing literature on the aid-institutions nexus by focusing on political rights, aid volatilities and the post-Berlin Wall period. The findings show that while foreign aid does not have a significant effect on political rights, foreign aid volatilities do mitigate democracy in recipient countries. Such volatilities could be used by populist parties to promote a neocolonial agenda, instill nationalistic sentiments and consolidate their grip on power. This is especially the case when donors are asking for standards that majority of the population do not want and political leaders are unwilling to implement them. The empirical evidence is based on 53 African countries for the period 1996-2010. As a main policy implication, creating uncertainties in foreign aid for political rights enhancement in African countries may achieve the opposite results. Other implications are discussed including the need for an ‘After Washington consensus’.
    Keywords: Uncertainty; Foreign aid; Political Rights; Development; Africa
    JEL: C53 F35 F47 O11 O55
    Date: 2016–01
  2. By: OECD
    Abstract: This paper examines how women’s empowerment is essential for food and nutrition security and resilience in West Africa and suggests policy “pointers” arising from the West African experience that can help inform policies and strategies, particularly in view of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. West African women play a significant role at each stage in the food system, from production to distribution to nutrition, and they contribute to building resilience and adaptability to uncertainty and shocks including the effects of climate change. While it is clear that women significantly contribute to the eradication of hunger and malnutrition, it is also evident that there is a need for greater political representation and participation in policy dialogues. Cette note montre en quoi l’autonomisation des femmes est essentielle à la sécurité et à la résilience alimentaire et nutritionnelle en Afrique de l’Ouest. Elle suggère des arguments éclairés tirés de l’expérience ouest-africaine pour nourrir les politiques et stratégies en vue de l’agenda international pour le développement durable à l’horizon 2030. Les femmes ouest-africaines jouent un rôle important à chaque étape du système alimentaire, de la production à la nutrition en passant par la distribution. Elles contribuent à renforcer la résilience et la capacité d’adaptation aux incertitudes et aux chocs tels que les effets du changement climatique. Alors qu’il est clair que les femmes aident de manière significative à l’élimination de la faim et de la malnutrition, il est également évident qu’elles doivent être mieux représentées politiquement et participer davantage au dialogue sur les politiques.
    Keywords: Women, West Africa, food systems, gender
    Date: 2016–10–21
  3. By: Cho, Yoonyoung.; Kalomba, Davie.; Mobarak, Ahmed Mushfiq.; Orozco, Victor.
    Abstract: The following paper Differences in the effects of vocational training on men and women: Constraints on women and drop-out behaviour authored by our partners at the World Bank, Yale University and the Malawi National AIDS Commission, evaluates the impacts of the “Technical and Vocational Skills Training pilot program (TVST)” for vulnerable youth, the first study of its kind to experimentally evaluate vocational training in Africa.
    Keywords: vocational training, youth, women, dropout, gender, vulnerable groups, social conditions, evaluation, Malawi, formation professionnelle, jeunesse, femmes, abandon des études, genre, groupes vulnérables, conditions sociales, évaluation, Malawi, formación profesional, juventud, mujeres, abandono de estudios, género, grupos vulnerables, condiciones sociales, evaluación, Malawi
    Date: 2015
  4. By: Plagerson, Sophie.; Ulriksen, Marianne S.
    Keywords: cash benefit, family benefit, poverty alleviation, womens empowerment, household income, social assistance, South Africa, prestations en espèces, prestations familiales, lutte contre la pauvreté, autonomisation des femmes, revenu des ménages, assistance sociale, Afrique du Sud, prestaciones monetarias, prestaciones familiares, lucha contra la pobreza, potenciación de las mujeres, ingreso de los hogares, asistencia social, Sudáfrica
    Date: 2015
  5. By: Blattman, Christopher; Dercon, Stefan
    Abstract: Activists criticize the poor wages and working conditions in industrial firms. Others counter that these industrial jobs offer wage premiums and steady hours. We worked with five Ethiopian industrial firms to randomize entry-level applicants to one of three treatment arms: a job offer; a control group; or an improved self-employment option, $300 grants plus business training. Industrial jobs offered more hours than the informal sector but lower wages, and had little impact on incomes after a year. Most applicants quit the sector quickly, finding industrial jobs unpleasant and risky. Indeed, serious health problems rose one percentage point for every month of industrial work. Meanwhile, the grants stimulated self-employment, raising earnings by 33%. On balance, these Ethiopian industrial jobs appear to be unremarkable low-skill employment options, with serious health risks, that poor people take to cope with bad shocks and avoid when informal employment options are available.
    Keywords: cash transfers; employment; entrepreneurship; factories; field experiment; wage labor
    JEL: F16 J24 J81 O14 O17
    Date: 2016–10
  6. By: Harasty, Claire.; Kwong, Miranda.; Ronnås, Per.
    Abstract: The study identifies the main causes of the disconnect between economic growth on the one hand and productive employment creation and poverty reduction on the other, and the main challenges that need to be addressed to set the country on a path of job-rich and inclusive development.
    Keywords: employment creation, economic growth, poverty alleviation, economic development, labour force, demographic aspect, data analysis, Zambia, création d'emploi, croissance économique, lutte contre la pauvreté, développement économique, main-d'oeuvre, aspect démographique, analyse des données, Zambie, creación de empleos, crecimiento económico, lucha contra la pobreza, desarrollo económico, mano de obra, aspecto demográfico, análisis de datos, Zambia
    Date: 2015

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