nep-afr New Economics Papers
on Africa
Issue of 2016‒10‒02
six papers chosen by
Sam Sarpong
The University of Mines and Technology

  1. The Impact of Power Rationing on Zambia's Agricultural Sector By Samboko, Paul; Chapoto, Antony; Kuteya, Auckland; Kabwe, Stephen; Mofya-Mukuka, Rhoda; Mweemba, Bruno; Munsaka, Eustensia
  2. Comparing Smartphones to Tablets for Face-to-Face Interviewing in Kenya By Sarah M. Hughes; Samuel Haddaway; Hanzhi Zhou
  3. The Economy Suffer Stagnancy When Dominated With the Activities of Small Business Owners in Africa. By Senzu, Emmanuel Tweneboah
  4. Spillovers from off-farm self-employment opportunities in rural Niger By SENAKPON DEDEHOUANOU; Aichatou Ousseini; LAOUALI HAROUNA Abdoulaziz; Maimounata Jabir
  5. The Role of Buffalo production in Sustainable Development of Rural Regions: A case study from Egyptian Agriculture By Soliman, Ibrahim
  6. Macroeconomics implications of female entrepreneurs facing financial frictions to access to credit: A DSGE model approach in Cameroon By Thierry Kame Babilla; Adele Ngo Bilong; Sandra Kendo; Martin Jaures Ndzana Eloundou

  1. By: Samboko, Paul; Chapoto, Antony; Kuteya, Auckland; Kabwe, Stephen; Mofya-Mukuka, Rhoda; Mweemba, Bruno; Munsaka, Eustensia
    Abstract: A lack of electricity has devastating consequences for any economy. Since early 2015, Zambia experienced a 2,100 gigawatt-hours (GWh) power deficit triggering countrywide power rationing. We assess the impact of power rationing on Zambia’s agricultural sector, and the costs to firms operating in the agricultural sector. Our analysis reveals economy-wide losses amounting to ZMW 32,496,100,813 (representing 18.8% of the GDP). Losses to the agricultural sector are estimated at ZMW 2,827,160,771 (representing 1.6% of the GDP), and are likely to stifle future economic growth.
    Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy, Environmental Economics and Policy,
    Date: 2016–03
  2. By: Sarah M. Hughes; Samuel Haddaway; Hanzhi Zhou
    Abstract: Research conducted over the past 30 years has demonstrated a reduction in errors and improvement in data quality when face–to-face social surveys are carried out using computers instead of paper and pencil.
    Keywords: CAPI, data quality, face-to-face, mobile, Smartphones, Tablets
  3. By: Senzu, Emmanuel Tweneboah
    Abstract: The Paper seek to establish and bring to bear the unknown fifth factor of economic stagnancy theory, identified as a high ranked economic symptom of developing and under developed economy which contribute to poor macro-economic policy design and decision making. Furthermore; posit that such behavioural economic symptom was a contributing factor to the failure of most of the World Bank programmes in early 1980s up to date to empower the successful growth of small and medium scale enterprise in developing and under developed economy of Africa.
    Keywords: Economy, Stagnancy, Small business, Entrepreneurship
    JEL: O4 O49
    Date: 2015–07
  4. By: SENAKPON DEDEHOUANOU; Aichatou Ousseini; LAOUALI HAROUNA Abdoulaziz; Maimounata Jabir
    Abstract: Agricultural households in Niger face constraints that may hinder agricultural production and threaten food security. A rural exodus is also resulting from a lack of formal and decent wage employment. The way to enhance agricultural production and improve food security while at the same time increase employment is still an important policy question in rural Niger. This study assesses the effects of off-farm self-employment opportunities on expenditures for agricultural inputs and on food security using the potential outcome framework for treatment effects. The study finds that farm and non-farm related factors determine off-farm self-employment opportunities in rural Niger. Also, participation in self-employment increases agricultural expenditures on purchased inputs and hired labour but decreases the propensity to hire labour. Self-employment opportunities favour food accessibility without having any additional effect on food availability and food utilisation. The results confirm that the policy of promoting the nonfarm sector can be harmonious with the development of the agricultural sector. There is a scope to increase or create favourable conditions for the development of the non-farm sector in rural Niger.
    Keywords: Agricultural household, Off-farm self-employment, Food insecurity, Niger
    JEL: D13 O15 Q12
    Date: 2016
  5. By: Soliman, Ibrahim
    Keywords: Livestock Production/Industries, Production Economics,
    Date: 2016–09–09
  6. By: Thierry Kame Babilla; Adele Ngo Bilong; Sandra Kendo; Martin Jaures Ndzana Eloundou
    Abstract: This research assesses the effects of financial frictions faced by female entrepreneurs on macroeconomics performances in Cameroon. We address this important issue, using a Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium model with financial micro-foundations. The model features two sectors such as, a production sector dominated by female entrepreneurs and a production sector dominated by male entrepreneurs. Financial frictions appear because entrepreneurs face collateral constraints when borrowing from the banking sector. The steady state and the calibration analysis demonstrate that the female sector is labor-intensive whereas the male sector is capital intensive. But, when the female sector is granted loans to the same extent as in the male sector, it performs better in term of value-added in GDP. The benchmark analysis reveals the complementary role of both sectors in sustaining economic activity during a downturn. The Scenarios analysis emphasizes the expansionary effect of the loosening financial constraint, with female entrepreneurs acting as main driver of the economy activity. Thus, institutional frameworks that relax collateral constraints, grant exemptions for enormous requirements, enforce properties right law, and promote transparency and credit-information sharing can make big inroads in alleviating borrowing constraints, increasing financial inclusion and enhancing macroeconomic outcomes.
    Keywords: Female Entrepreneurs, Financial Frictions, Macroeconomics Implications, DSGE Model, Cameroon.
    JEL: C11 C61 D21 E32 E44 O11
    Date: 2016

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