nep-afr New Economics Papers
on Africa
Issue of 2016‒08‒14
four papers chosen by
Sam Sarpong
The University of Mines and Technology

  1. Eliminating Extreme Poverty in Africa: Trends, Policies and the Role of International Organizations By Zorobabel Bicaba; Zuzana Brixiova; Mthuli Ncube
  2. Causes and Consequence of Violent Extremism in Northeast Nigeria By Ernest Ogbozor
  3. A pathway to financial inclusion: mobile money and individual Savings in Uganda By Mayanja, Musa; Adong, Annet
  4. Brazil?Africa knowledge-sharing: What do African policymakers say? By Cristina Cirillo; Lívia Maria da Costa Nogueira; Fábio Veras Soares

  1. By: Zorobabel Bicaba (African Development Bank); Zuzana Brixiova (IZA and University of Cape Town); Mthuli Ncube (University of Oxford)
    Abstract: Eradicating extreme poverty for all people everywhere by 2030 is the first goal among the UN Sustainable Development Goals that guide the current development agenda. This paper examines its feasibility for Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the world's poorest but growing region. It finds that under plausible assumptions extreme poverty will not be eradicated in SSA by 2030, but it can be reduced to low levels. National and regional policies that focus on accelerating growth, while making it more inclusive would accelerate poverty reduction. International organizations, including informal ones such as the G20, can play a key role in this endeavor by encouraging policy coordination and coherence.
    Keywords: Poverty, sustainable development, inclusive growth, policies, governance
    JEL: E21 E25 I32 O11 O20
    Date: 2016
  2. By: Ernest Ogbozor (School for Conflict Analyses and Resolution, George Mason University, Virginia.)
    Abstract: The consequence of violent extremism on rural livelihoods has received less attention in academic literature. This paper addresses three fundamental questions: What are the socio-economic causes of terrorism and violent religious movements? What is the root cause of Boko Haram in Northeast Nigeria? And what are the consequences of Boko Haram’s violence on rural livelihoods? Based on a review of the literature and current studies in Nigeria, this paper contends that violent extremism has a correlation with the socio-economic conditions in Northeast Nigeria, and there are direct and indirect impacts of extremism on rural livelihoods. The paper concludes with a suggestion of further studies on the drivers of violent extremism, and the rural livelihoods strategies for coping with extremist activities in Nigeria.
    Keywords: Causes, Consequence, Extremism, Livelihood and Nigeria
    Date: 2016–07
  3. By: Mayanja, Musa; Adong, Annet
    Abstract: This study provides a micro perspective on the impact that mobile money services have on an individual’s saving behavior using 2013 Uganda FinScope data. The results show that although saving through mobile phones is not a common practice in Uganda, being a registered mobile money user increases the likelihood of saving with mobile money. Using mobile money to save is more prevalent in urban areas and in the central region than in other regions. This can be explained by several factors. First, rural dwellers on average tend to have lower incomes and thus have a lower propensity to save compared with their urban counterparts. Second, poor infrastructure in rural areas in terms of the lack of electricity and poor telecommunication network coverage may limit the use of mobile phones and consequently the use of mobile money as a saving mechanism. Overall, the use of mobile money as a saving mechanism is still very low, which could be partly explained by legal limitations that do not incorporate mobile finance services into mobile money. The absence of interest payments on mobile money savings may also act as a disincentive to save through this mechanism. Given the emerging mobile banking services, there is need to create greater awareness and to enhance synergies between telecoms companies and commercial banks.
    Keywords: Mobile Money, Financial Inclusion, Savings, Uganda, Community/Rural/Urban Development, Financial Economics, Labor and Human Capital,
    Date: 2016–03
  4. By: Cristina Cirillo (IPC-IG); Lívia Maria da Costa Nogueira (IPC-IG); Fábio Veras Soares (IPC-IG)
    Abstract: "Within the framework of the project 'Brazil & Africa: Fighting Poverty and Empowering Women via South?South Cooperation', the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG) promoted an exchange of experiences of cooperation between Brazil and African countries on social protection and food and nutrition security. From June to August 2015, the IPC-IG invited African policymakers working in the area of social protection and food and nutrition security to participate in an online discussion and a survey about the cooperation between their countries and Brazil. The main objective was to assess the achievements of knowledge-sharing and learning exchange activities in the areas of social protection and food and nutrition security. The information gathered in these discussions was contextualised in Cirillo et al. (2016). In this One Pager, we present a summary of the major achievements and challenges of this process, as well as some suggestions from the participants on how to make this learning exchange more effective in the future". (?)
    Keywords: Brazil?Africa, knowledge-sharing, African policymakers
    Date: 2016–06

This nep-afr issue is ©2016 by Sam Sarpong. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.