nep-afr New Economics Papers
on Africa
Issue of 2014‒08‒09
ten papers chosen by
Sam Sarpong
The University of Mines and Technology

  1. Sons as Widowhood Insurance : Evidence from Senegal By Sylvie Lambert; Pauline Rossi
  2. Social acceptance of renewable energy: Some examples from Europe and Developing Africa By Pollmann, Olaf; Podruzsik, Szilárd; Fehér, Orsolya
  3. THE financial determinants of private investment in ghana By Eshun, Maame Esi; Adu, George; Buabeng, Emmanuel
  4. Aid, environment, and climate change in Africa: The case of Senegal By Ngaido, Tidiane
  5. Optimum fisheries management under climate variability: Evidence from artisanal marine fishing in Ghana By Akpalu, Wisdom; Dasmani, Isaac; Normanyo, Ametefee K.
  6. The effect of climate change on economic growth: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa By Alagidede, Paul; Adu, George; Frimpong, Prince Boakye
  7. Industrial development and growth in Nigeria: Lessons and challenges By Chete, L. N.; Adeoti, J. O.; Adeyinka, F. M.; Ogundele, O.
  8. Aid and policy preference in oil-rich countries: Comparing Indonesia and Nigeria By Fuady, Ahmad Helmy
  9. The economic impact of climate change on road infrastructure in sub-Saharan Africa countries: Evidence from Ghana By Twerefou, Daniel Kwabena; Adjei-Mantey, Kwame; Strzepek, Niko Lazar
  10. Regionalism, end markets and ownership matter: Shifting dynamics in the apparel export industry in Sub Saharan Africa By Morris, Mike; Staritz, Cornelia; Plank, Leonhard

  1. By: Sylvie Lambert (PSE - INRA); Pauline Rossi (CREST - PSE)
    Abstract: Exploiting original data from a Senegalese household survey, we provide evidence that fertility choices are partly driven by women's needs for widowhood insurance. We use a duration model of birth intervals to show that women most exposed to the risk of widowhood intensify their fertility until they get a son. Insurance through sons entails substantial health costs : short birth spacing raises maternal and infant mortality rates
    Keywords: Intra-household insurance, Gender, Fertility, Health, Senegal
    JEL: D13 I15 J13 O15
    Date: 2014–02
  2. By: Pollmann, Olaf; Podruzsik, Szilárd; Fehér, Orsolya
    Abstract: Current energy systems are in most instances not fully working sustainably. The provision and use of energy only consider limited resources, risk potential or financial constraints on a limited scale. Furthermore, the knowledge and benefits are only available for a minor group of the population or are outright neglected. The availability of different resources for energy purposes determines economic development, as well as the status of the society and the environment. The access to energy grids has an impact on socio-economic living standards of communities. This not fully developed system is causing climate change with all its related outcomes. This investigation takes into consideration different views on renewable energy systems — such as international discussions about biomass use for energy production, “fuel versus food”, biogas use — and attempts to compare major prospects of social acceptance of renewable energy in Europe and Africa. Can all obstacles to the use of renewable energy be so profound that the overall strategy of reducing anthropogenic causes of climate change be seriously affected?
    Keywords: renewable energy, energy production, future technology, society
    JEL: D71 O13 Q01 R11
    Date: 2014
  3. By: Eshun, Maame Esi; Adu, George; Buabeng, Emmanuel
    Abstract: This paper examines the financial determinants of private investment in Ghana using annual time series data from 1970 to 2010. Based on the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing procedure to cointegration, the paper finds existence of cointegration among the variables. The empirical results support the view that private investment declines in both the short run and long run if the real interest rate is high and investors face severe financing constraints when credit is made scarce to the sector. Recommended were policies that would eliminate the financing constraints to make credit easily accessible to private investors.
    Keywords: private investment, bounds test, cointegration, Ghana
    JEL: E2 E22
    Date: 2014–07–21
  4. By: Ngaido, Tidiane
    Abstract: The paper reviews the dynamics of the financing baseed its analysis on the rich dataset of AidData ranging over 1993-2010, with around 9,077 observations on projects funded in Senegal by various multilateral as well as bilateral donors. The study started
    Keywords: aid, biodiversity, climate change, environment, financing
    Date: 2014
  5. By: Akpalu, Wisdom; Dasmani, Isaac; Normanyo, Ametefee K.
    Abstract: In most coastal developing countries, the artisanal fisheries sector is managed as a common pool resource. As a result, such fisheries are overcapitalized and overfished. In Ghana, in addition to anthropogenic factors, there is evidence of rising coastal
    Keywords: climate variability, optimal tax, generalized maximum entropy, Ghana
    Date: 2014
  6. By: Alagidede, Paul; Adu, George; Frimpong, Prince Boakye
    Abstract: This paper is a contribution to the empirics of climate change and its effect on sustainable economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. Using data on two climate variables, temperature and precipitation, and employing panel cointegration techniques, we estima
    Keywords: climate change, Sub-Saharan Africa, sustainable growth, panel cointegration
    Date: 2014
  7. By: Chete, L. N.; Adeoti, J. O.; Adeyinka, F. M.; Ogundele, O.
    Abstract: The structure of the Nigerian economy is typical of an underdeveloped country. The primary sector, in particular, the oil and gas sector, dominates the gross domestic product accounting for over 95 per cent of export earnings and about 85 per cent of gove
    Keywords: growth, industrial policy, manufacturing, productivity
    Date: 2014
  8. By: Fuady, Ahmad Helmy
    Abstract: This paper analyses the role of foreign aid to assist development in two oil-rich countries: Indonesia and Nigeria. This paper seeks to understand the way foreign aid provided assistance to transform Indonesia from a .fragile. state in the 1960s into one
    Keywords: aid, fragile state, policy, oil, Indonesia, Nigeria
    Date: 2014
  9. By: Twerefou, Daniel Kwabena; Adjei-Mantey, Kwame; Strzepek, Niko Lazar
    Abstract: Climate change scenarios for many Sub-Saharan African countries including Ghana indicate that temperatures will increase while rainfall will either increase or decrease. The potential impact of climate change on economic systems is well-known. However, li
    Keywords: climate change, impacts assessment, road infrastructure, stressor response
    Date: 2014
  10. By: Morris, Mike; Staritz, Cornelia; Plank, Leonhard
    Abstract: This paper shows the importance of ownership, end markets and regionalism within the global value chain (GVC) conceptual framework. This is done through unpacking the development trajectories of the major Sub Saharan African (SSA) apparel export industries (Mauritius, Madagascar, Kenya, Lesotho, Swaziland) against the backdrop of global and regional trade regime changes and the manner in which different supplier firms react to these opportunities and/or constraints. These trajectories demonstrate the emergence of a new regionalism centred around investment and differentiated end markets. Ownership characteristics of supplier firms shape the ability to shift between different end markets and respond to lead firm requirements; and the level of their local and regional embeddedness impacts on different forms of upgrading. More locally and regionally embedded firms in these SSA countries have been able to shift with uneven success to new, and in particular regional, markets. In contrast, Asian-owned transnational producers remain focused on the US market with limited market opportunities and upgrading potential. Different types of ownership and embeddedness dynamics are therefore important to explain the co-evolution of highly differentiated value chain dynamics creating a variety of apparel industrialization trajectories in the apparel export industry in SSA. --
    Keywords: global value chains,apparel,upgrading,ownership,Sub Saharan Africa,global value chains,apparel,upgrading,ownership,Sub Saharan Africa
    Date: 2014

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