nep-afr New Economics Papers
on Africa
Issue of 2009‒11‒14
five papers chosen by
Quentin Wodon
World Bank

  1. Disability Cash Transfers in the Context of Poverty and Unemployment: the Case of South Africa By Sophie Mitra
  2. Climate Change Mitigation Potential in South Africa: A National to Sectoral Analysis By Jongikhaya Witi; Vaibhav Chaturvedi
  3. Trade protection and tax evasion: evidence from Kenya, Mauritius and Nigeria By Antoine BOUET; Devesh ROY
  4. Oorsprong van die dualistiese karakter van die Suid-Afrikaanse skoolstelsel. By Pierre de Villiers
  5. Pro-Poor Growth Measurements in a Multidimensional Model: A Comparative Approach By Dorothée Boccanfuso; Jean Bosco Ki; Caroline Ménard

  1. By: Sophie Mitra (Fordham University, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: South Africa’s Disability Grant program has been widely criticized for its poor administration and the dependency culture it promotes. This paper attempts to assess the Disability Grant program’s targeting effectiveness and its effects on labor market behaviors. Using disability self reports and standard measures of economic well being, results suggest that the Disability Grant is relatively well targeted. Exclusion and inclusion errors are substantial but are comparable to those found in developed countries’ disability programs. Increased leniency in disability screening in the program in selected provinces does not appear to have altered labor market behaviors between 2001 and 2003.
    Keywords: Cash transfers, disability, targeting, labor supply, Africa, South Africa
    Date: 2009
  2. By: Jongikhaya Witi; Vaibhav Chaturvedi
    Abstract: This paper discusses some of the impacts attributed to climate change that are likely to hit Southern Africa as a result of increasing global greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. As South Africa is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions and currently ranked first in Africa, the paper assesses the country.s greenhouse gas emissions profile and possible future projections of emissions and their implications. It then discusses the strategic interventions proposed by South Africa in reducing the gap in emissions between what is required by science and what would happen if development continues at current rates without abating greenhouse gas emissions. Given that the majority of emissions are a result of energy consumption, the paper provides practical solutions to themes such as energy efficiency mostly for the industrial and commercial sectors. With international treaties on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (e.g. Kyoto protocol), there are business opportunities in the area of climate change mitigation. Thus, the paper finally discusses the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) scenario in South Africa and how the country can benefit from other emission trading schemes being practiced in different regions of the world.
    Date: 2009–10–27
  3. By: Antoine BOUET; Devesh ROY
    Abstract: Trade protection and tax evasion: evidence from Kenya, Mauritius and Nigeria
    Date: 2009–06
  4. By: Pierre de Villiers (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)
    Abstract: he formal school system developed after the Europeans arrived in South Africa, but until South Africa became a Union in 1910 it was almost exclusively provided for white children. The other racial groups were incorporated into the system to a larger extent in the 20th century, but due to the higher per capita expenditure on white learners they did not receive an education of the same quality. The school system can be divided into the former Indian and white systems that operate well, while the former systems for blacks and coloureds do not operate well at all. This is confirmed in national and international studies done in the democratic era after 1994. Currently only a small part of the school system is operating efficiently. Die formele skoolstelsel het ontstaan met die aankoms van die Europeërs in Suid-Afrika, maar is tot Uniewording in 1910 bykans uitsluitlik aan Blanke leerders voorsien. In die 20ste eeu word die ander rassegroepe meer by die skoolstelsel betrek, maar omdat per capita veel meer op die Blanke stelsel spandeer is, ontvang die ander groepe nie onderwys van dieselfde kwaliteit nie. Die skoolstelsel kan opgedeel word in die voormalige stelsels vir Indiër en Blanke leerders wat goed opereer en die voormalige stelsels vir Swart en Bruin leerders wat swak funksioneer. Dit word in nasionale en internasionale studies in die demokratiese bestel na 1994 bevestig. Tans is daar net ‘n klein deel van die skoolstelsel wat effektief opereer.
    Keywords: History of education, Number of learners, Education finances, Flow through rates, International comparisons, Geskiedenis van onderwys, Leerdergetalle, Onderwysfinansiering, Deurvloeikoerse, Internasionale vergelykings
    JEL: H50 H52 I22 I28
    Date: 2009
  5. By: Dorothée Boccanfuso (GREDI, Faculte d'administration, Université de Sherbrooke); Jean Bosco Ki (UNESCO YAOUNDE); Caroline Ménard (Agriculture Canada)
    Abstract: We broaden the analysis of pro-poor growth in monetary terms to include non-monetary dimensions of poverty and to compare the results obtained from both indicators, namely consumer expenditures and a composite poverty indicator. In addition, we use several pro-poor growth measurements to see in what proportion their results converged or diverged in order to determine whether it was possible to extrapolate a course of action intended to assist the decision-maker in coming to a decision. Lastly, we chose to conduct this analysis in three geographical areas of Senegal (Dakar, other urban centres and the rural zone) from 1994/95 to 2001/02. We demonstrated the importance of conducting a multidimensional analysis of pro-poor growth. This is even more true when analyses are conducted on population sub-groups.
    Keywords: Multidimensional poverty, pro-poor growth, measurement of poverty
    JEL: I32 O18 O4
    Date: 2009–11–10

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