nep-afr New Economics Papers
on Africa
Issue of 2006‒03‒05
thirteen papers chosen by
Suzanne McCoskey
Foreign Service Institute, US Department of State

  1. Sustaining Growth Accelerations and Pro-Poor Growth in Africa By Kevin Joseph Carey; Sanjeev Gupta; Catherine A. Pattillo
  2. Harmonization of Domestic Consumption Taxes in Central and Western African Countries By Lubin Kobla Doe
  3. Stylized Facts on Bilateral Trade and Currency Unions: Implications for Africa By Charalambos G. Tsangarides; Pierre Ewenczyk; Michal Hulej
  4. How Important Is Sovereign Risk in Determining Corporate Default Premia? The Case of South Africa By Marcel Peter; Martín Grandes
  5. "Economic Aid to Post-conflict Countries: A Methodological Critique of Collier and Hoeffler" By Astri Suhrke; Espen Villanger; Susan L. Woodward
  6. Reforming External Tariffs in Central and Western African Countries By Lubin Kobla Doe
  7. Are Donor Countries Giving More or Less Aid? By Smita Wagh; Sanjeev Gupta; Catherine A. Pattillo
  8. Implications of Quasi-Fiscal Activities in Ghana By Mali Chivakul; Robert C. York
  9. Zimbabwe's Export Performance: The Impact of the Parallel Market and Governance Factors By Sònia Muñoz
  10. Bank Efficiency and Competition in Low-Income Countries: The Case of Uganda By David Hauner; Shanaka J. Peiris
  11. Corruption in Tax Administration: Lessons from Institutional Reforms in Uganda By Odd-Helge Fjeldstad
  12. Suppressed Inflation and Money Demand in Zimbabwe By Sònia Muñoz
  13. Fiscal Dominance and Inflation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo By Jean-Claude Nachega

  1. By: Kevin Joseph Carey; Sanjeev Gupta; Catherine A. Pattillo
    Keywords: Poverty reduction , Sub-Saharan Africa , Economic growth , Productivity , Trade ,
    Date: 2005–10–19
  2. By: Lubin Kobla Doe
    Keywords: Tax policy , Central African Economic and Monetary Community , West African Economic and Monetary Union , Africa , Consumption taxes , Value added tax , Excise taxes ,
    Date: 2006–01–19
  3. By: Charalambos G. Tsangarides; Pierre Ewenczyk; Michal Hulej
    Keywords: Bilateral trade , Africa , Monetary unions , Economic models ,
    Date: 2006–02–07
  4. By: Marcel Peter; Martín Grandes
    Date: 2005–12–02
  5. By: Astri Suhrke; Espen Villanger; Susan L. Woodward
    Abstract: This paper retests the analysis of "Aid Policy and Growth in Post-Conflict Societies," by Paul Collier and Anke Hoeffler (October 2002 and forthcoming in European Economic Review). It finds that their data and analysis do not support their conclusions and policy recommendations on the optimal timing and amounts of aid. These conclusions depend on very few observations (13 for the period of peace-onset, 13 for years 4 to 7 when a growth spurt is said to make aid particularly effective, and 8 for the period when aid should taper off); are vulnerable to the same methodological misspecifications identified in the Burnside and Dollar approach on which this analysis is based; and are not grounded in any theoretical formulation about the special relation between aid and growth in post-conflict conditions. Conventional econometric procedures are often not followed; recoding the sample to exclude cases that are not civil wars reduces the effect of aid on growth in post-civil war countries to less than half of what they claim; and the difference with the relationship for "normal" countries becomes negligible (0.26 percentage points), although it depends on identification of the sample. Their claims on the poverty-efficiency of aid are assumed, not analysed. The confidentiality of their policy measure (CPIA) prevented testing the aid-policy relationship.
    Keywords: Economic aid Post-conflict Methodology
    Date: 2005
  6. By: Lubin Kobla Doe
    Date: 2006–01–20
  7. By: Smita Wagh; Sanjeev Gupta; Catherine A. Pattillo
    Date: 2006–01–18
  8. By: Mali Chivakul; Robert C. York
    Keywords: Fiscal policy , Ghana , Fiscal management , Fiscal reforms , Energy , Public sector , Private sector ,
    Date: 2006–02–02
  9. By: Sònia Muñoz
    Date: 2006–02–06
  10. By: David Hauner; Shanaka J. Peiris
    Date: 2006–01–09
  11. By: Odd-Helge Fjeldstad
    Abstract: Over the past two decades many developing countries have implemented comprehensive reforms of their tax administrations in order to increase revenue and curb corruption. This paper examines recent experiences in the fight against corruption in the Uganda Revenue Authority (URA). It argues that the technocratic remedies supported by donors have underplayed the degree to which progress in tax administration depends upon a thorough 'cultural change' in the public service. The motives of individual actors are often inextricably tied to the interests of the social groups to which they belong. In the URA patronage runs through networks grounded on ties of kinship and community origin. As such, people recognize the benefits of large extended families and strong kinship ties, even as their social and economic aspirations may be indisputably modern. This implies that such social relations may undermine formal bureaucratic structures and positions. If these problems, which are rooted in social norms and patterns of behavior rather than administrative features, are overlooked, the result may be to distort incentives. As a consequence, the government's commitment to reforming the tax administration may also be undermined.
    Keywords: Corruption Incentives Social norms Tax administration Tax evasion Uganda
    JEL: D73 H26 H30 J33 K42 Z13
    Date: 2005
  12. By: Sònia Muñoz
    Keywords: Inflation , Zimbabwe , Demand for money , Price controls , Economic models ,
    Date: 2006–01–30
  13. By: Jean-Claude Nachega
    Keywords: Inflation , Congo, Democratic Republic of the , Fiscal policy , Economic stabilization ,
    Date: 2005–12–08

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