nep-acc New Economics Papers
on Accounting and Auditing
Issue of 2014‒06‒07
five papers chosen by
Alexander Harin
Modern University for the Humanities

  1. Progressive tax reform in OECD countries : perspectives and obstacles By Godar, Sarah; Paetz, Christoph; Truger, Achim
  2. How Do Fair Value Measurements of Financial Instruments Affect Investments in Banks? By Ralf Bergheim; Jürgen Ernstberger; Michael W.M. Roos
  3. Corporate governance in Islamic financial institutions By Elasrag, Hussein
  4. Internal Audit in the Pharmaceutical Sector: International and National Good Practices By Tsvetanova, Yulia
  5. Features of Internal Audit in Pharmaceutical Industry By Tsvetanova, Yulia

  1. By: Godar, Sarah; Paetz, Christoph; Truger, Achim
    Keywords: tax reform, taxation, trend, OECD countries, réforme fiscale, fiscalité, tendance, pays de l'OCDE, reforma tributaria, tributación, tendencia, países de la OCDE
    Date: 2014
  2. By: Ralf Bergheim; Jürgen Ernstberger; Michael W.M. Roos
    Abstract: This paper experimentally investigates how fair value measurements of financial instruments affect the decision of nonprofessional investors to invest in a bank’s shares. Specifically, we assess how investors respond to variations in net income resulting from fair value adjustments in trading assets and how the reliability of the fair value estimates affects their decision.
    Keywords: Banks; fair value accounting; nonprofessional investors; investment decision; experiment
    JEL: C91 G11 M41
    Date: 2014–05
  3. By: Elasrag, Hussein
    Abstract: This paper is one of few papers that highlight the importance of studying corporate governance for institutions offering Islamic financial services. The book is of value in describing governance in Islamic institutions and how there are many issues under the investigation process, especially issues related to the shari‘a Supervisory board and its functionality. One of the objectives of this paper is to discuss, and create greater awareness of, some of the crucial issues related to corporate governance in Islamic financial institutions. A second, but in fact more important, objective is to provide, in the light of this discussion, certain essential guidelines to improve corporate governance in these institutions and thereby enable them to not only maintain their momentum of growth and international acceptance but also safeguard the interests of all stakeholders. The paper gives particular attention to the mechanisms for corporate governance, including the Board of Directors, Senior Management, shareholders, depositors, and regulatory and supervisory authorities. It also focuses on the effective management of risks and, in particular, on creating a supporting environment through moral uplift, social, legal and institutional checks, greater transparency, internal controls, and Shari'a as well as external audit. The paper also indicates briefly the shared institutions that are needed for effective corporate governance.
    Keywords: Corporate governance,Islamic Finance,ISLAMIC FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS,SHARI‘A GOVERNANCE
    JEL: G0 G15 G2 G21 G34
    Date: 2014–05–26
  4. By: Tsvetanova, Yulia
    Abstract: Internal audit plays an increasingly important role in the field of management. In today's economic environment, means and methods to achieve high financial performance in the medium and long-term perspective are purposefully sought. In the new reality, practice puts an emphasis on the need for additional control on the activities which, in turn, justifies concrete changes in the policy of the organizations as well. In terms of the individual organization, the implementation of internal audit is a set of applications of international practices and compliance with the national legislation that are undertaken to improve the competitiveness.
    Keywords: internal audit, good practices, pharmaceutical sector
    JEL: F53 I18 M42
    Date: 2014–04
  5. By: Tsvetanova, Yulia
    Abstract: The review highlights the main features of internal audit by focus on distribution of medicinal products. Recent data suggest internal audit as an antidote to effects of economic recession. The present review reveals internal audit as a tool for competitiveness through implementation of good practices. The purpose of the review is to describe the advantages of internal audit in new institutional frame. The object of analysis is the distribution practice, and more concrete, the wholesale distributors. The analysis was perform by factor analysis and done in response to the tendency for outsource of distribution activities and practical interest in the use of internal audit by implementation of requirements and recommendations for good practices. The results showed that the internal audit in pharmaceutical industry is determinate by two factors: regulatory requirements and complexity of supply chain. The external and the internal environment define five features of internal audit in pharmaceutical industry.
    Keywords: internal audit, good practices, medicinal products
    JEL: F53 I18 M42
    Date: 2014

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