Econometric Time Series
http://lists.repec.org/mailman/listinfo/nep-ets
Econometric Time Series
2019-07-15
Realized variance modeling: decoupling forecasting from estimation
http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:fir:econom:wp2019_05&r=ets
In this paper we evaluate the in-sample fit and out-of-sample forecasts of various combinations of realized variance models and estimation criteria . Our empirical findings highlight that: independently of the econometricianâ€™s forecasting loss function, certain estimation criteria perform significantly better than others; the simple ARMA modeling of the log realized variance generates superior forecasts than the HAR family, for any of the forecasting loss functions considered; the (2,1) parameterizations with negative lag-2 coefficient emerge as the benchmark specifications generating the best forecasts and approximating long-run dependence as well as the HAR family.
Fabrizio Cipollini
Giampiero M. Gallo
Alessandro Palandri
Variance modeling; Variance forecasting; Heterogeneous Autoregressive (HAR) model; Multiplicative Error Model (MEM); Realized variance space
2019-07
Realized Volatility Forecasting: Robustness to Measurement Errors
http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:fir:econom:wp2019_04&r=ets
In this paper, we reconsider the issue of measurement errors affecting the estimates of a dynamic model for the conditional expectation of realized variance arguing that heteroskedasticity of such errors may be adequately represented with a multiplicative error model. Empirically we show that the significance of quarticity/quadratic terms capturing attenuation bias is very important within an HAR model, but is greatly diminished within an AMEM, and more so when regime specific dynamics account for a faster mean reversion when volatility is high. Model Confidence Sets confirm such robustness both inâ€“ and outâ€“ofâ€“sample.
Fabrizio Cipollini
Giampiero M. Gallo
Edoardo Otranto
Realized volatility, Forecasting, Measurement errors, HAR, AMEM, Markov switching, Volatility of volatility
2019-07
Dynamic Factor Models
http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hae:wpaper:2019-4&r=ets
Dynamic factor models are parsimonious representations of relationships among time series variables. With the surge in data availability, they have proven to be indispensable in macroeconomic forecasting. This chapter surveys the evolution of these models from their pre-big-data origins to the large-scale models of recent years. We review the associated estimation theory, forecasting approaches, and several extensions of the basic framework.
Catherine Doz
Peter Fuleky
dynamic factor models, big data, two-step estimation, time domain, frequency domain, structural breaks
2019-07
Simulation smoothing for nowcasting with large mixed-frequency VARs
http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:arx:papers:1907.01075&r=ets
There is currently an increasing interest in large vector autoregressive (VAR) models. VARs are popular tools for macroeconomic forecasting and use of larger models has been demonstrated to often improve the forecasting ability compared to more traditional small-scale models. Mixed-frequency VARs deal with data sampled at different frequencies while remaining within the realms of VARs. Estimation of mixed-frequency VARs makes use of simulation smoothing, but using the standard procedure these models quickly become prohibitive in nowcasting situations as the size of the model grows. We propose two algorithms that alleviate the computational efficiency of the simulation smoothing algorithm. Our preferred choice is an adaptive algorithm, which augments the state vector as necessary to sample also monthly variables that are missing at the end of the sample. For large VARs, we find considerable improvements in speed using our adaptive algorithm. The algorithm therefore provides a crucial building block for bringing the mixed-frequency VARs to the high-dimensional regime.
Sebastian Ankargren
Paulina Jon\'eus
2019-07
Semi-parametric Realized Nonlinear Conditional Autoregressive Expectile and Expected Shortfall
http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:arx:papers:1906.09961&r=ets
A joint conditional autoregressive expectile and Expected Shortfall framework is proposed. The framework is extended through incorporating a measurement equation which models the contemporaneous dependence between the realized measures and the latent conditional expectile. Nonlinear threshold specification is further incorporated into the proposed framework. A Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo method is adapted for estimation, whose properties are assessed and compared with maximum likelihood via a simulation study. One-day-ahead VaR and ES forecasting studies, with seven market indices, provide empirical support to the proposed models.
Chao Wang
Richard Gerlach
2019-06
Dynamic time series clustering via volatility change-points
http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:arx:papers:1906.10372&r=ets
This note outlines a method for clustering time series based on a statistical model in which volatility shifts at unobserved change-points. The model accommodates some classical stylized features of returns and its relation to GARCH is discussed. Clustering is performed using a probability metric evaluated between posterior distributions of the most recent change-point associated with each series. This implies series are grouped together at a given time if there is evidence the most recent shifts in their respective volatilities were coincident or closely timed. The clustering method is dynamic, in that groupings may be updated in an online manner as data arrive. Numerical results are given analyzing daily returns of constituents of the S&P 500.
Nick Whiteley
2019-06
Do SVARs with sign restrictions not identify unconventional monetary policy shocks?
http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:bde:wpaper:1926&r=ets
A growing empirical literature has shown, based on structural vector autoregressions (SVARs) identified through sign restrictions, that unconventional monetary policies implemented after the outbreak of the Great Financial Crisis (GFC) had expansionary macroeconomic effects. In a recent paper, Elbourne and Ji (2019) conclude that these studies fail to identify true unconventional monetary policy shocks in the euro area. In this note, we show that their findings are actually fully consistent with a successful identification of unconventional monetary policy shocks by the earlier studies and that their approach does not serve the purpose of evaluating identification strategies of SVARs.
Jef Boeckx
Maarten Dossche
Alessandro Galesi
Boris Hofmann
Gert Peersman
unconventional monetary policy, SVARs
2019-07
Temporal Disaggregation of Business Dynamics: New Evidence for U.S. Economy
http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:sap:wpaper:wp188&r=ets
We provide new disaggregated data and stylized facts on firm dynamics of the U.S economy by using a state-space method to transform Census yearly data of entry and exit from 1977 to 2013 into quarterly frequency. Entry is lagging and symmetric, while exit is leading and asymmetric along the business cycle. We select the most significant determinants of these variables by matching Census data with a new database by Federal Reserve. These determinants differ considerably among entry and exit. Finally, standard macroeconometric models estimated on our disaggregated series support the recent theoretical literature, according to which the cleansing effect of recession is mainly due to exit asymmetry.
Lorenza Rossi
Emilio Zanetti Chini
Bayesian VAR; Firms and Establishments; Productivity; State-Space Models
2019-06
Slack and Cyclically Sensitive Inflation
http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nbr:nberwo:25987&r=ets
We investigate the flattening Phillips relation by making two departures from standard specifications. First, we measure slack using real activity variables that are bandpass filtered or year-over-year changes in activity (these are similar), instead of gaps. Second, we study the components of inflation instead of the standard aggregates. We find that some inflation components have strong and stable correlations with the cyclical component of real activity; these components tend to be relatively well-measured and domestically determined. Other components, typically prices that are poorly measured or internationally determined, have weak and/or unstable correlations with cyclical activity. We construct a new inflation index, Cyclically Sensitive Inflation, that weights the components by their joint cyclical covariation with real activity. The index has strong and stable correlations with cyclical activity and provides a real-time measure of cyclical movements in inflation.
James H. Stock
Mark W. Watson
2019-06
On the Evolution of U.S. Temperature Dynamics
http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pen:papers:19-012&r=ets
Climate change is a multidimensional shift. While much research has documented rising mean temperature levels, we also examine range-based measures of daily temperature volatility. Specifically, using data for select U.S. cities over the past half-century, we compare the evolving time series dynamics of the average temperature level, AVG, and the diurnal temperature range, DTR (the difference between the daily maximum and minimum temperatures at a given location). We characterize trend and seasonality in these two series using linear models with time-varying coecients. These straightforward yet flexible approximations provide evidence of evolving DTR seasonality, stable AVG seasonality, and conditionally Gaussian but heteroskedastic innovations for both DTR and AVG.
Francis X. Diebold
Glenn D. Rudebusch
Unemployment DTR, temperature volatility, temperature variability, climate modeling, climate change
2019-07-05